Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 117

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/edifast0/public_html/corp/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 169
Dicas Linux Corp.eng.br - Site pessoal compartilhado para diversos assuntos: linux, fotos, arquivos, dicas, etc... http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=section&id=6&Itemid=100 Wed, 20 Sep 2017 16:25:17 +0000 Joomla! 1.5 - Open Source Content Management pt-br Linksys Sipura com Skype sem Asterisk ou Sip Server http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=347:linksys-sipura-com-skype-sem-asterisk-ou-sip-server&catid=78:voip&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=347:linksys-sipura-com-skype-sem-asterisk-ou-sip-server&catid=78:voip&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.mhspot.com/sts/siptosis_ata_howto.html

Utilize o programa SipToSis

Outras opções:

http://www.voip-info.org/wiki/view/Skype+Gateways



]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) VoIP Tue, 31 Aug 2010 02:22:53 +0000
Camera MSI StarCam no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=346:camera-msi-starcam-no-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=346:camera-msi-starcam-no-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Dica com driver modificado para a camera MSI StarCam (webcam)

lsusb

ID 0c45:60c0 Microdia PC Camera with Mic (SN9C105)

link: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SkypeWebCams

link: http://pamplast.com/gspca/

link: http://groups.google.com/group/microdia?hl=en

Neste link (http://www.pamplast.com/gspca/ubuntuguide.html) tem um script para fazer tudo automatico no ubuntu:

Instalei o programa abaixo:

apt-get install libpt-plugins-v4l2


#!/bin/sh
rm msicam.tar.gz* >/dev/null
sudo rmmod gspca
sudo rmmod msicam
sudo rmmod sn9cxxx
sudo rmmod sn9c102
sudo rm -R msicam/ >/dev/null
wget www.pamplast.com/gspca/msicam.tar.gz
tar xzvf msicam.tar.gz
cd msicam
sudo ./c
cd ..
sudo rm msicam.tar.gz*
sudo rm -R msicam/
sudo echo "# This part is added by msicam_install script http://www.pamplast.com/gspca/" >>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
sudo echo blacklist gspca >>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
sudo echo blacklist sn9c102 >>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
sudo echo blacklist sn9cxxx >>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
sudo echo "# End of list " >>/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
exit 0

 


para mostrar o "USB device descriptors" desta camera:

lsusb -d 0c45:60c0 -v

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Sat, 28 Aug 2010 00:28:20 +0000
Outro programa para inicialiazar serviços no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=345:outro-programa-para-inicialiazar-servicos-no-ubuntu&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=345:outro-programa-para-inicialiazar-servicos-no-ubuntu&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Tem este programa também para ajudar a inicializar serviços do ubuntu (startup services on boot):

sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf

sudo sysv-rc-conf

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Fri, 27 Aug 2010 01:51:20 +0000
Citrix no Ubuntu Lucid 64bits http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=344:citrix-no-ubuntu-lucid-64bits&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=344:citrix-no-ubuntu-lucid-64bits&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Não tem disponivel para instalação a versão 64bits, mas este artigo dá uma dica para instalar o pacote 32 bits no lugar:
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1472880

Execute os comandos:

sudo apt-get install libxaw7 libmotif3 ia32-libs
--- Faça download do aplicativo Citrix XenApp em:  http://www.citrix.com/site/SS/downloads/index.asp
sudo dpkg -i --force-all icaclient_11.100_i386.patched.deb

Aplicativo instalado em: /usr/lib/ICAClient/wfica

Certificados devem ser instalados em: /usr/lib/ICAClient/keystore/cacerts

No caso do servidor que estava utilizando baixei o certificado em: http://www.globalsign.com/support/root-domainssl.html

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Thu, 26 Aug 2010 12:08:50 +0000
Erro during boot ACPI: resource nForce2_smbus http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=343:erro-during-boot-acpi-resource-nforce2smbus&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=343:erro-during-boot-acpi-resource-nforce2smbus&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Mensagens de erro no dmesg:

[   11.123342] i2c i2c-0: nForce2 SMBus adapter at 0x2d00
[   11.123347] ACPI: resource nForce2_smbus [0x2e00-0x2e3f] conflicts with ACPI region SM00 [0x2e00-0x2e3f]
[   11.123349] ACPI: If an ACPI driver is available for this device, you should use it instead of the native driver
[   11.123351] nForce2_smbus 0000:00:01.1: Error probing SMB2.

Solução:

sudo gedit /etc/default/grub

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="acpi_enforce_resources=lax"

Save & run update grub

sudo update-grub


links:

http://mirindafanta.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!3E3DA667A88932E3!353.entry?wa=wsignin1.0&sa=899243010

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux/+bug/440780

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux/+bug/440470

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1483987

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Thu, 26 Aug 2010 01:35:52 +0000
Netboot - Boot do Ubuntu Lucid via rede - DHCP-BOOT http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=342:netboot-boot-do-ubuntu-lucid-via-rede-dhcp-boot&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=342:netboot-boot-do-ubuntu-lucid-via-rede-dhcp-boot&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/Netboot

link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/QuickNetboot

Imagens do CD em : http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/netboot/lucid/

melhor link: http://www.marcosorfila.com/site/boot-a-traves-de-la-red-con-pxe/

Instalação de software necessário:

sudo apt-get install dhcp3-server tftpd-hpa tftp-hpa

Depois altere a configuração do DHCP server:

ddns-update-style interim;
ignore client-updates;
ddns-domainname "casa.lan.";
ddns-rev-domainname "in-addr.arpa.";
option domain-name "casa.lan";
option domain-name-servers master.casa.lan;
default-lease-time 600;
max-lease-time 7200;
key DHCP_UPDATER {
algorithm HMAC-MD5.SIG-ALG.REG.INT;
# Important: Replace this key with your generated key.
# Also note that the key should be surrounded by quotes.
secret "dmY5cRTBAENrkhHqqbebrg==";
};
zone casa.lan. {
primary 127.0.0.1;
key DHCP_UPDATER;
}
zone 0.168.192.in-addr.arpa. {
primary 127.0.0.1;
key DHCP_UPDATER;
}
authoritative;
log-facility local7;
option wpad-url code 252 = text;
option wpad-url "http://192.168.0.1/wpad.dat\n";
subnet 10.152.187.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
}
allow booting;
allow bootp;
subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
range 192.168.0.11 192.168.0.20;
option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255;
option routers 192.168.0.1;
option netbios-name-servers 192.168.0.1;
option netbios-node-type 2;
option ntp-servers 192.168.0.1;
option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.1;
option wpad-url "http://192.168.0.1/wpad.dat\n";
default-lease-time 600;
max-lease-time 7200;
# PXE Parameters
next-server 192.168.0.1;
filename "pxelinux.0";
}

Depois configure o tftp:

cd /var/lib/tftpboot
DISTRIB=`grep DISTRIB_CODENAME /etc/lsb-release | cut -d'=' -f2`
sudo wget -np -r http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/${DISTRIB}/main/installer-i386/current/images/netboot/
sudo wget -np -r http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/${DISTRIB}/main/installer-i386/current/images/netboot/ubuntu-installer/i386/
sudo /bin/mv archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/${DISTRIB}/main/installer-i386/current/images/netboot/* .
sudo /bin/rm -rf archive.ubuntu.com/
sudo find . -name 'index.html*' -exec /bin/rm {} \;
sudo chown -R root:root /var/lib/tftpboot
sudo chmod -R 777 /var/lib/tftpboot

O comando abaixo lista as portas e serviços:

netstat -nulp

Reinicie o dhcp-server:
sudo /etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart

Teste o tftp com os comandos abaixo:

sudo /etc/init.d/tftpd-hpa start
mkdir /tmp/prueba-tftp
cd /tmp/prueba-tftp
tftp localhost -c get pxelinux.0
ls -l pxeli*

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sun, 22 Aug 2010 03:32:54 +0000
Apagar associações de arquivo WINE http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=341:apagar-associacoes-de-arquivo-wine&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=341:apagar-associacoes-de-arquivo-wine&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 O wine cria uma porção de associações de arquivo quando instalamos um novo aplicativo windows dentro do linux.

Mas não tem apagado isso quando desinstala.

Tenho tentado pagar estas informações de mime (mimetype) já um bom tempo e achei as seguintes dicas:

rm ~/.local/share/applications/wine*.desktop
rm -r ~/.local/share/applications/wine/
rm -r ~/.local/share/mime/*/x-wine*.xml

Depois rode o comando:

update-mime-database ~/.local/share/mime

 

link: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=79878

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Sat, 21 Aug 2010 15:51:04 +0000
Desabilitar IPv6 no Ubuntu Lucid http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=340:desabilitar-ipv6-no-ubuntu-lucid&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=340:desabilitar-ipv6-no-ubuntu-lucid&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Verifique se esta habilitado com o comando abaixo:

cat /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/disable_ipv6

Se o resultado for 0 é que o IPV6 esta ativo, 1 significa desabilitado.

Depois com as alterações abaixo voce desabilita o IPV6:

sudo gedit  /etc/sysctl.conf

Acrescente as linhas:

#disable ipv6
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1

 

Link: http://www.webupd8.org/2010/05/how-to-disable-ipv6-in-ubuntu-1004.html

O link abaixo já descreve outro método: http://www.webupd8.org/2009/11/how-to-disable-ipv6-in-ubuntu-910.html

Este tb descreve outro método: http://www.webupd8.org/2009/05/how-to-disable-ipv6-in-ubuntu-jaunty.html

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Thu, 19 Aug 2010 20:11:06 +0000
Configurando Teclado e Mouse Bluetooth (Mouse e Keyboard) no Ubuntu Lucid http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=339:configurando-teclado-e-mouse-bluetooth-mouse-e-keyboard-no-ubuntu-lucid&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=339:configurando-teclado-e-mouse-bluetooth-mouse-e-keyboard-no-ubuntu-lucid&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Veja estes links:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BluetoothSetup

http://www.ubuntugeek.com/howto-setup-bluetooth-keyboard-and-mouse-in-ubuntu.html

http://awesomelinux.blogspot.com/2010/05/ubuntu-1004-lucid-logitech-dinovo-edge.html

http://www.electric-spoon.com/cgi-bin/man/man2html?bluetoothd+8

http://blog.projectnibble.org/2010/01/28/how-to-connect-a-bluetooth-keyboard-in-ubuntu-9-04-jaunty-and-9-10-karmic-workaround/

Para versões antigas do bluez-utils meu arquivo de configuração seria:

sudo gedit /etc/bluetooth/hcid.conf

# HCI daemon configuration file.
# HCId options
options {
# Automatically initialize new devices
autoinit yes;
# Security Manager mode
#   none - Security manager disabled
#   auto - Use local PIN for incoming connections
#   user - Always ask user for a PIN
#
security user;
# Pairing mode
#   none  - Pairing disabled
#   multi - Allow pairing with already paired devices
#   once  - Pair once and deny successive attempts
pairing multi;
# Default PIN code for incoming connections
#passkey "0000";
# D-Bus PIN helper
#dbus_pin_helper;
}
# Default settings for HCI devices
device {
# Local device name
#   %d - device id
#   %h - host name       
#   name "inspiron (%d)";
name "%h";
# Local device class
#class 0x000100;
#class 0xff0100;
class 0x5a010c;
# Default packet type
pkt_type DH1,DM1,HV1;
# Inquiry and Page scan
iscan enable; pscan enable;
# Default link mode
#   none   - no specific policy
#   accept - always accept incoming connections
#   master - become master on incoming connections,
#            deny role switch on outgoing connections
lm master;
# Default link policy
#   none    - no specific policy
#   rswitch - allow role switch
#   hold    - allow hold mode
#   sniff   - allow sniff mode
#   park    - allow park mode
lp rswitch,hold,sniff,park;
}

device 00:22:48:84:4A:E4 {
name “Microsoft Bluetooth Mobile Keyboard 6000”;
auth enable;
encrypt enable;
}
device 00:22:48:84:3B:72 {
name “Microsoft Bluetooth Number Pad”;sudo gedit /etc/bluetooth/hcid.conf

auth enable;
encrypt enable;
}
device 00:22:48:E1:C1:3C {
name “Microsoft Bluetooth Notebook Mouse 5000”;
}
device 00:60:D1:00:8F:46 {
name “Bluetooth Mini Mouse”;
}

Manual deste arquivo de configuração em:

http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/hardy/en/man5/hcid.conf.5.html


Hoje este arquivo de configuração não é mais utilizado pelo ubuntu lucid. Precisaria instalar o bluez-compat para fazer isso funcionar.

O man de bluetoothd informa que o local de configuração é:

/etc/bluetooth/main.conf

[General]

# List of plugins that should not be loaded on bluetoothd startup
#DisablePlugins = network,input

# Default adaper name
# %h - substituted for hostname
# %d - substituted for adapter id
Name = %h-%d

# Default device class. Only the major and minor device class bits are
# considered.
Class = 0x000100

# How long to stay in discoverable mode before going back to non-discoverable
# The value is in seconds. Default is 180, i.e. 3 minutes.
# 0 = disable timer, i.e. stay discoverable forever
DiscoverableTimeout = 0

# How long to stay in pairable mode before going back to non-discoverable
# The value is in seconds. Default is 0.
# 0 = disable timer, i.e. stay pairable forever
PairableTimeout = 0

# Use some other page timeout than the controller default one
# which is 16384 (10 seconds).
PageTimeout = 8192

# Discover scheduler interval used in Adapter.DiscoverDevices
# The value is in seconds. Defaults is 0 to use controller scheduler.
DiscoverSchedulerInterval = 0

# What value should be assumed for the adapter Powered property when
# SetProperty(Powered, ...) hasn't been called yet. Defaults to true
InitiallyPowered = true

# Remember the previously stored Powered state when initializing adapters
RememberPowered = true

# Use vendor, product and version information for DID profile support.
# The values are separated by ":" and VID, PID and version.
#DeviceID = 1234:5678:abcd

# Do reverse service discovery for previously unknown devices that connect to
# us. This option is really only needed for qualification since the BITE tester
# doesn't like us doing reverse SDP for some test cases (though there could in
# theory be other useful purposes for this too). Defaults to true.
ReverseServiceDiscovery = true

# Enable name resolving after inquiry. Set it to 'false' if you don't need
# remote devices name and want shorter discovery cycle. Defaults to 'true'.
NameResolving = true

 


 

E tem configurações interessantes no diretório:

/var/lib/bluetooth/nn:nn:nn:nn:nn:nn

onde - The directory nn:nn:nn:nn:nn:nn is the address of the local device.

Comando para verificar dispositivos disponíveis:

hcitool scan

Comando para ver suas configurações:

hciconfig -a

hci0:    Type: USB
BD Address: 00:15:AF:F9:5D:3A ACL MTU: 1021:8 SCO MTU: 64:1
UP RUNNING PSCAN ISCAN
RX bytes:1052516 acl:69099 sco:0 events:1156 errors:0
TX bytes:8337 acl:211 sco:0 commands:192 errors:1
Features: 0xff 0xff 0x8f 0xfe 0x9b 0xff 0x79 0x83
Packet type: DM1 DM3 DM5 DH1 DH3 DH5 HV1 HV2 HV3
Link policy: RSWITCH HOLD SNIFF PARK
Link mode: SLAVE ACCEPT
Name: 'ant'
Class: 0x5a010c
Service Classes: Networking, Capturing, Object Transfer, Telephony
Device Class: Computer, Laptop
HCI Ver: 2.1 (0x4) HCI Rev: 0x50f1 LMP Ver: 2.1 (0x4) LMP Subver: 0x420e
Manufacturer: Broadcom Corporation (15)

Comando abaixo configura propriedades do bluetooth:

bluetooth-properties

Tem muito pouca documentação sobrfe o Bluez.

No link abaixo (de arquivos da WEB) temos um pouco de documentação disponível:

http://web.archive.org/web/20080501043142/wiki.bluez.org/wiki

 


 

Melhor link:

http://www.linuxquestions.org/questions/debian-26/bluetooth-problems-715839/

Lá pede para alterar o arquivo

sudo gedit /etc/rc.local

Com o conteúdo abaixo:

## Configurando Bluetooth
hciconfig hci0 reset
hciconfig hci0 class 0xff0100
hciconfig hci0 name master
## Fim da configuração do Bluetooth
exit 0

 


 

Veja artigo na íntegra:

...:::!!! SOLVED !!!:::...

This was a real pain, so this is what I did to get it to work...

In /etc/bluetooth you need to create or edit the following files: hcid.conf input.conf main.conf

# cat /etc/bluetooth/hcid.conf
#HCId Options
options {
autoinit yes;
security auto;
pairing multi;
passkey "1234";
}

#HCI Device Settings
device {
name "%h-%d";
#encrypt enable;
class 0x082580;
iscan enable; pscan enable;
discovto 0;
lm accept,master;
lp rswitch,hold,sniff,park;
pkt_type DM1,DM3,DM5,DH1,DH3,DH5,HV1,HV2,HV3;
}

#device 00:01:90:E2:49:BD {
#name "Sony Corporation Remote Controller";
#}

This section below is pretty important to get the device address use hidd --scan and press the discoverable button on the bottom of your mouse.
device 00:02:76:07:68:1C {
name "Sony Corporation (3) Button Mouse";

# cat /etc/bluetooth/main.conf
[General]

# List of plugins

that should not be loaded on bluetoothd startup
#DisablePlugins = network,input

# Default adaper name
# %h - substituted for hostname
# %d - substituted for adapter id
Name = %h-%d

# Default device class. Only the major and minor device class bits are
# considered.
Class = 0x082580

# How long to stay in discoverable mode before going back to non-discoverable
# The value is in seconds. Default is 180, i.e. 3 minutes.
# 0 = disable timer, i.e. stay discoverable forever
DiscoverableTimeout = 0

# How long to stay in pairable mode before going back to non-discoverable
# The value is in seconds. Default is 0.
# 0 = disable timer, i.e. stay pairable forever
PairableTimeout = 0

# Use some other page timeout than the controller default one
# which is 16384 (10 seconds).
PageTimeout = 8192

# Discover scheduler interval used in Adapter.DiscoverDevices
# The value is in seconds. Defaults is 0 to use controller scheduler.
DiscoverSchedulerInterval = 0

# What value should be assumed for the adapter Powered property when
# SetProperty(Powered, ...) hasn't been called yet. Defaults to true
InitiallyPowered = true

# Remember the previously stored Powered state when initializing adapters
RememberPowered = true

# Use vendor, product and version information for DID profile support.
# The values are separated by ":" and VID, PID and version.
#DeviceID = 0005:0001:0129
#DeviceID = 0000:0000:0000

# Do reverse service discovery for previously unknown devices that connect to
# us. This option is really only needed for qualification since the BITE tester
# doesn't like us doing reverse SDP for some test cases (though there could in
# theory be other useful purposes for this too). Defaults to true.
ReverseServiceDiscovery = true

# cat /etc/bluetooth/input.conf
# Configuration file for the input service

# This section contains options which are not specfic to any
# particular interface
[General]

# Set idle timeout (in minutes) before the connection will
# be disconnect (defaults to 0 for no timeout)
IdleTimeout=0

In /etc/default you need to edit the following file: bluetooth

# cat /etc/default/bluetooth
# Defaults for bluez-utils

# This file supersedes /etc/default/bluez-pan. If
# that exists on your system you should use this
# file instead and remove the old one. Until you
# do so, the contents of this file will be ignored.

# start bluetooth on boot?
# compatibility note: If this variable is not found bluetooth will
# start
BLUETOOTH_ENABLED=1

# This setting will switch HID devices (e.g mouse/keyboad) to HCI mode, that is
# you will have bluetooth functionality from your dongle instead of only HID.
# Note that not every bluetooth dongle is capable of switching back to HID
# mode, see http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=355497
HID2HCI_ENABLED=1
HID2HCI_UNDO=1

############ HIDD
#
# HID daemon
HIDD_ENABLED=1
HIDD_OPTIONS="--connect 00:02:76:07:68:1C --server"
#HIDD_OPTIONS="--master --connect 00:02:76:07:68:1C --server" <<-- I had some problems with --master and this mouse...
# to make hidd always use a particular interface, use something
# like this, substituting the bdaddr of the interface:
# HIDD_OPTIONS="-i AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF --server"
#
# remove '--master' if you're having trouble working with Ericsson
# T630 phones with hidd operational at the same time.

############ DUND
#
# Run dund -- this allows ppp logins. 1 for enabled, 0 for disabled.
DUND_ENABLED=0

# Arguments to dund: defaults to acting as a server
DUND_OPTIONS="--listen --persist"

# Run dund --help to see the full array of options.
# Here are some examples:
#
# Connect to any nearby host offering access
# DUND_OPTIONS="--search"
#
# Connect to host 00:11:22:33:44:55
# DUND_OPTIONS="--connect 00:11:22:33:44:55"
#
# Listen on channel 3
# DUND_OPTIONS="--listen --channel 3"

# Special consideration is needed for certain devices. Microsoft
# users see the --msdun option. Ericsson P800 users will need to
# listen on channel 3 and also run 'sdptool add --channel=3 SP'

############ PAND
#
# Run pand -- ethernet: creates new network interfaces bnep
# that can be configured in /etc/network/interfaces
# set to 1 for enabled, 0 for disabled
PAND_ENABLED=0

# Arguments to pand
# Read the PAN howto for ways to set this up
# http://bluez.sourceforge.net/contrib/HOWTO-PAN
# in later versions of pand it used to execute /etc/bluetooth/pan/dev-up
# automatically, now you will need to use the --devup/--devdown options. See
# the pand manpage for more informations
PAND_OPTIONS=""

# example pand lines
#
# Act as the controller of an ad-hoc network
# PAND_OPTIONS="--listen --role GN"
#
# Act as a network access point: routes to other networks
# PAND_OPTIONS="--listen --role NAP"
#
# Act as a client of an ad-hoc controller with number 00:11:22:33:44:55
# PAND_OPTIONS="--role PANU --connect 00:11:22:33:44:55"
#
# Connect to any nearby network controller (access point or ad-hoc)
# PAND_OPTIONS="--role PANU --search"

############ SDPTOOL
# this variable controls the options passed to sdptool on boot, useful if you
# need to setup sdpd on boot.
# options are ;-separated, i.e. for every ; an sdptool instance will be
# launched
#
# examples:
# SDPTOOL_OPTIONS="add --channel=3 SP" # ericsson P800 serial profile
# SDPTOOL_OPTIONS="add --channel=8 OPUSH ; add --channel=9 FTRN" # motorola
# # object push and file transfer
SDPTOOL_OPTIONS=""

Final Edit /etc/rc.local

# cat /etc/rc.local
#!/bin/sh -e
#
# rc.local
#
# This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel.
# Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other
# value on error.
#
# In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution
# bits.
#
# By default this script does nothing.

hciconfig hci0 reset
hciconfig hci0 class 0x082580 <<-- This (as shown below) will set Service Classes: Capturing and Device Class: Peripheral, Pointing device in your hci device.
exit 0

On reboot/boot/whatever...
# hciconfig -a
hci0: Type: USB
BD Address: 00:1B:FB:8A:79:88 ACL MTU: 1021:6 SCO MTU: 64:1
UP RUNNING PSCAN ISCAN
RX bytes:279252 acl:18271 sco:0 events:480 errors:0
TX bytes:1385 acl:9 sco:0 commands:55 errors:0
Features: 0xff 0xff 0x8f 0xfe 0x9b 0xff 0x79 0x83
Packet type: DM1 DM3 DM5 DH1 DH3 DH5 HV1 HV2 HV3
Link policy: RSWITCH HOLD SNIFF PARK
Link mode: ACCEPT MASTER
Name: 'XXXXX-000010011'
Class: 0x082580
Service Classes: Capturing
Device Class: Peripheral, Pointing device
HCI Ver: 2.1 (0x4) HCI Rev: 0x38 LMP Ver: 2.1 (0x4) LMP Subver: 0x213d
Manufacturer: Broadcom Corporation (15)

and hidd --show should reveal
# hidd --show
00:02:76:07:68:1C Sony Corporation (3) Button Mouse [0a5c:0001] connected

But the damn mouse didn't move!!! It was connected though!!!
Ahh lets look at /proc/bus/input/devices

# cat /proc/bus/input/devices
(list shortened...)

I: Bus=0005 Vendor=0a5c Product=0001 Version=0129
N: Name="Sony Corporation (3) Button Mouse"
P: Phys=00:1B:FB:8A:79:88
S: Sysfs=/class/input/input15
U: Uniq=00:02:76:07:68:1C
H: Handlers=mouse4 event13
B: EV=1f
B: KEY=70000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
B: REL=103
B: ABS=100 0
B: MSC=10

It's being handled by event13...
A quick look at /dev/input/event13 revealed

# cat /dev/input/event13
IF GARBAGE PRINTS WHEN MOVING THE MOUSE IT'S CONNECTED PROPERLY

So why is X (Gnome or KDE) having a fricking problem...
xorg.conf

# cat /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Sony Vaio Keys"
Driver "evdev"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/by-id/acpi-sony_laptop-event-kbd"
Option "Name" "Sony Vaio Keys"
Option "XkbLayout" "evdev"
Option "XkbModel" "evdev"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "VGP-BMS33"
Driver "evdev"
Option "Protocol" "ExplorerPS/2"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/event13"
Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"
Option "Buttons" "5"
Option "Emulate3Buttons" "true"
EndSection


#Section "InputDevice"
# Identifier "VGP-BRMP10"
# Driver "evdev"
# Option "Protocol" "ExplorerPS/2"
# Option "Device" "/dev/input/mouse5"
# Option "UpDownScrolling" "1"
# Option "Buttons" "5"
# Option "Emulate3Buttons" "false"
#EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Generic Keyboard"
Driver "kbd"
Option "XkbRules" "xorg"
Option "XkbModel" "pc104
Option "XkbLayout" "us"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Alps Touchpad"
Driver "synaptics"
Option "SendCoreEvents" "true"
Option "Device" "/dev/input/event11"
Option "Protocol" "event"
Option "LeftEdge" "120"
Option "RightEdge" "830"
Option "TopEdge" "120"
Option "BottomEdge" "650"
Option "FingerLow" "14"
Option "FingerHigh" "15"
Option "MaxTapTime" "180"
Option "MaxTapMove" "110"
Option "ClickTime" "0"
Option "EmulateMidButtonTime" "75"
Option "VertScrollDelta" "10"
Option "HorizScrollDelta" "0"
Option "MinSpeed" "0.45"
Option "MaxSpeed" "0.75"
Option "AccelFactor" "0.020"
Option "EdgeMotionMinSpeed" "200"
Option "EdgeMotionMaxSpeed" "200"
Option "UpDownScrolling" "1"
Option "CircularScrolling" "0"
Option "CircScrollDelta" "0.1"
Option "CircScrollTrigger" "2"
Option "SHMConfig" "true"
EndSection

Section "ServerLayout"
Identifier "Default Layout"
screen 0 "Default Screen" 0 0
InputDevice "Generic Keyboard"
InputDevice "Alps Touchpad"
InputDevice "VGP-BMS33" "SendCoreEvents"
# InputDevice "VGP-BRMP10"
EndSection

Section "Device"
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Configured Monitor"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Default Screen"
Monitor "Configured Monitor"
EndSection

It now works every time, I am still working on the remote...

Here is my hardware:
# hcitool info 00:02:76:07:68:1C
Requesting information ...
BD Address: 00:02:76:07:68:1C
Device Name: VGP-BMS33
LMP Version: 1.2 (0x2) LMP Subversion: 0x229
Manufacturer: Broadcom Corporation (15)
Features: 0xbc 0x02 0x04 0x38 0x08 0x00 0x00 0x00

# hcitool info 00:01:90:E2:49:BD
Requesting information ...
BD Address: 00:01:90:E2:49:BD
Device Name: VGP-BRMP10
LMP Version: 2.0 (0x3) LMP Subversion: 0x10b7
Manufacturer: Cambridge Silicon Radio (10)
Features: 0xfc 0x07 0x86 0x7e 0x18 0x18 0x00 0x00


]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Sun, 15 Aug 2010 21:27:54 +0000
Ubuntu install from hard drive http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=338:ubuntu-install-from-hard-drive&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=338:ubuntu-install-from-hard-drive&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=172520

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sun, 15 Aug 2010 16:18:04 +0000
Lista de Sistemas Operacionais pela WEB http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=337:lista-de-sistemas-operacionais-pela-web&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=337:lista-de-sistemas-operacionais-pela-web&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 É antigo isso, desde 2007, mas só agora vi isso.

Veja neste link uma lista destes sistemas: http://mashable.com/2007/08/22/web-os/

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Outros Sat, 14 Aug 2010 21:04:02 +0000
MediaTomb - servidor DLNA no ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=336:mediatomb&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=336:mediatomb&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Servidor DLNA compatível com Samsung.

Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showpost.php?p=9352630&postcount=21

Para funcionar com MySQL veja documentação em:

http://mediatomb.cc/pages/documentation

Veja este link também:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/MediaTomb

 

Não esqueça de alterar o arquivo abaixo:

sudo gedit /etc/default/mediatomb

 

No meu caso alterei as seguintes variáveis para ....

NO_START="no"
OPTIONS="-p 49152"
ROUTE_ADD="/sbin/route add -net 239.0.0.0 netmask 255.0.0.0"
ROUTE_DEL="/sbin/route del -net 239.0.0.0 netmask 255.0.0.0"
INTERFACE="br0"
USER="mediatomb"
GROUP="users"

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Thu, 12 Aug 2010 14:36:34 +0000
Ubuntu Geforce 8200 com HDMI http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=335:ubuntu-geforce-8200-com-hdmi&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=335:ubuntu-geforce-8200-com-hdmi&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Para som link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1077801

Para imagem links:

http://www.linuxquestions.org/questions/linux-hardware-18/nvidia-geforce-8200-using-hdmi-connection-to-tv-706655/#post3453522

Problema na configuração da resolução: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?p=9700694#post9700694

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Tue, 10 Aug 2010 03:45:50 +0000
Driver da Webcam MSI Starcam http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=334:driver-da-webcam-msi-starcam&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=334:driver-da-webcam-msi-starcam&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Instalei os programas abaixo:

apt-get install libpt-plugins-v4l2

Primeiro os comandos utilizados para descobrir o driver a utilizar:
lsusb | grep Camera

Resultou em:
Bus 003 Device 002: ID 0c45:60c0 Microdia PC Camera with Mic (SN9C105)

No site abaixo este fabricante (0x0c45) e Produto (0x60c0) mostraram-se compatíveis:
http://mxhaard.free.fr/spca5xx.html

SUNPLUS Vendor Id Product Id Sunplus based Cameras Pseudo Bridge Sensor Support Stream Driver

Quality

Sangha 154 0x0c45 0x60c0 Sn-535 sn9c105 Mi0360 Yes jpeg spca5xx/LE *****

 

sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`
sudo mkdir /usr/src/webcam
cd /usr/src/webcam
sudo wget http://mxhaard.free.fr/spca50x/Download/gspcav1-20071224.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvzf gspcav1-20071224.tar.gz
sudo rm gspcav1-20071224.tar.gz
cd gspcav*
sudo make
sudo make install

sudo rmmod gspca_sonixj
sudo rmmod gspca_main
sudo rmmod sn9c102

 

Mas não consegui rodar no ubuntu lucid 64 bit.

Então busquei outro driver no site:
http://www.linux-projects.org/


sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`
sudo mkdir /usr/src/webcam
cd /usr/src/webcam
sudo wget http://www.linux-projects.org/downloads/sn9c1xx-1.48.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvzf sn9c1xx-1.48.tar.gz
sudo rm sn9c1xx-1.48.tar.gz
cd sn9c1xx*
sudo make
sudo make install

Mas também não consegui rodar no ubuntu lucid 64 bit.

 

Tentei no launchpad uma versão do driver gspca:

sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`
sudo mkdir /usr/src/webcam
cd /usr/src/webcam
sudo wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/gspca_01.00.20-1.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvzf gspca_01.00.20-1.tar.gz
sudo rm gspca_01.00.20-1.tar.gz
cd gspca*
sudo make
sudo make install

 

Mas também não consegui rodar no ubuntu lucid 64 bit.

 

Link interessante no site:

http://ubuntuforum-br.org/index.php/topic,5352.0.html

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Mon, 09 Aug 2010 00:19:59 +0000
Master Mode Wireless com Atheros - Madwifi http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=333:master-mode-wireless-com-atheros&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=333:master-mode-wireless-com-atheros&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Novo Site do MADWIFI com drivers: http://madwifi-project.org/

Tente utilizar os seguintes drivers no arquivo:

sudo gedit /etc/modules

### Atheros Wireless ###
ath_pci
#ath5k
#ath9k

OBS: um de cada vez.

Para o driver madwifi visite o site para compilar o driver mais recente.

Instruções adicionais de compilação aqui: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/WifiDocs/MasterMode

O driver ath9k e o ath5k estão instaveis, utilize o madwifi para a placa abaixo:

Atheros Communications Inc. AR2413 802.11bg NIC (rev 01)

Mas também dê uma olhada ao final deste artigo pois tem alguns links que podem ajudar a resolver seu problema com o ath5k e o ubuntu lucid.

Utilize o comando para saber sua placa Atheros:

sudo lspci | grep Atheros

Para saber os módulos (drivers) em uso no sistema utilize o comando:

lsmod

Para montar uma rede simples para utilizar da configuração mostrada em:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/WifiDocs/WirelessAccessPoint

Para listar todo seu hardware e ver o status de cada um e o driver utilizado, utilize o comando:

lshw

com as opções abaixo lista somente hardware de rede:

sudo lshw -C network

Para reiniciar a rede e suas configurações utilize o comando:

sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

 

O site abaixo tem instruções detalhadas para se montar um router completo:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Router

 

Quando tive problemas para colocar em modo MASTER utilizei os seguintes comandos para testar:

sudo ifconfig ath0 down
sudo ifconfig ath0 up
sudo iwconfig ath0 mode master

 

Com este comando voce pode verificar se o driver esta com blacklist em algum lugar:

grep -r "ath5k" /etc/modprobe.d/
grep -r "ath9k" /etc/modprobe.d/

 

Veja estas instruções sobre o driver madwifi:

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/WifiDocs/Driver/Atheros

Para forçar a troca de driver precisa executar o comando, por exemplo:
sudo rmmod ath5k
sudo modprobe ath9k

Para compilar o driver do madwifi execute os comandos abaixo:

sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`
sudo mkdir /usr/src/madwifi
cd /usr/src/madwifi
sudo wget http://snapshots.madwifi-project.org/madwifi-0.9.4-current.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvzf madwifi-0.9.4-current.tar.gz
sudo rm madwifi-0.9.4-current.tar.gz
cd madwifi*
sudo make
sudo make install

OBS: Precisa fazer isso toda vez que se atualiza o kernel do servidor.

Acrescente as linhas nos arquivos abaixo
/etc/modules = acrescente ath_pci
/etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf = acrescente blacklist ath9k e blacklist ath5k

Crie o arquivo /etc/modprobe.d/madwifi.conf com os seguintes dados:

## ath5k (mac80211)
## Comment out the following line, and uncomment all of the
## madwifi modules below to use the athk module
blacklist ath5k
blacklist ath9k
## madwifi (non-free)
#blacklist ath_hal
#blacklist ath_pci
#blacklist ath_rate_amrr
#blacklist ath_rate_onoe
#blacklist ath_rate_sample
#blacklist wlan
#blacklist wlan_acl
#blacklist wlan_ccmp
#blacklist wlan_scan_ap
#blacklist wlan_scan_sta
#blacklist wlan_tkip
#blacklist wlan_wep
#blacklist wlan_xauth
options ath_pci rfkill=0
options ath_pci autocreate=ap

O arquivo /etc/network/interfaces fica assim:

# Wireless Wlan opção sem hostapd e com madwifi
auto ath0
iface ath0 inet manual
wireless-essid pivotpoint
wireless-mode master
wireless_key d47c190ffd9dd7936f08eedc0e
wireless-channel 1

Novas chaves são geradas com o comando:

dd if=/dev/random bs=1 count=13 2>/dev/null |xxd -ps

Mas só consigo fazer funcionar com o hostapd e não com o /etc/network/interfaces:

sudo apt-get install hostapd
sudo /etc/init.d/hostapd stop
sudo hostapd -dd /etc/hostapd/minimal_wpa.conf

Sendo /etc/hostapd/minimal_wpa.conf :

interface=ath0
bridge=br0
driver=madwifi

ssid=master.casa.lan
hw_mode=g
channel=1

macaddr_acl=0
accept_mac_file=/etc/hostapd/accept
deny_mac_file=/etc/hostapd/deny
auth_algs=1
ignore_broadcast_ssid=0

wpa=1
wpa_psk_file=/etc/hostapd/wpa_psk
# arquivo  /etc/hostapd/wpa_psk com linhas contendo: 00:00:00:00:00:00 PASSWORD
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
wpa_pairwise=TKIP


Links úteis:

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1493798

 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sat, 07 Aug 2010 19:42:50 +0000
Banco do Brasil (BB) com o Ubuntu Lucid e Java http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=332:banco-do-brasil-bb-com-o-ubuntu-lucid-e-java&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=332:banco-do-brasil-bb-com-o-ubuntu-lucid-e-java&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Link: http://linuxieu.blogspot.com/2009/09/banco-do-brasil-ubuntu-904.html

Para você que assim como eu teve ou tem problemas ao utilizar o site do bb no ubuntu 9.04(nada do teclado virtual), talvez o procedimento que eu usei para solucionar o problema lhe ajude.

- desinstalar o pacote: icedtea-gcjwebplugin:

sudo apt-get remove icedtea-gcjwebplugin

- instalar o java(faz isso, talvez falte algum pacote na tua instalação):

sudo apt-get -y install sun-java6-bin sun-java6-fonts sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin

ou reinstalar(não fiz isso, mas faz parte da dica original que deve ter servido para alguém, então, achei importante o relato.)

- e digitar o comando:

sudo update-alternatives --config java

e escolher o java da sun recém instalado.

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Fri, 02 Jul 2010 15:32:40 +0000
Erro na impressora HP Photosmart (hp-check e hp-plugin) http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331:erro-na-impressora-hp-photosmart-hp-check-e-hp-plugin&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331:erro-na-impressora-hp-photosmart-hp-check-e-hp-plugin&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Para corrigir os erros executei alguns comandos que possibilitaram a investigação do que estava ocorrendo:

sudo apt-get install hplip-dbg

hp-check -t

 

Para instalar plugin que esta faltando execute:

sudo hp-plugin

 

link: https://answers.launchpad.net/hplip/+question/62791

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Wed, 30 Jun 2010 00:48:29 +0000
Memdisk e Grub2 - bootando de imagens de disquetes e CD http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=330:memdisk-e-grub2-bootando-de-imagens-de-disquetes-e-cd&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=330:memdisk-e-grub2-bootando-de-imagens-de-disquetes-e-cd&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Memdisk e Grub2 - bootando de imagens de disquetes e CD

Veja este wiki: http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/MEMDISK#GRUB2

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sat, 12 Jun 2010 12:35:48 +0000
ath9k e hostapd no Linux Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=329:ath9k-e-hostapd-no-linux-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=329:ath9k-e-hostapd-no-linux-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Como fazer para funcionar o driver ath9k e o hostapd no Ubuntu Lucid?

Estou analisando os seguintes sites nesta tentativa:

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1411450

http://blog.robin.smidsrod.no/index.php/2008/08/08/how_to_setup_an_atheros_based_access_poi

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1367334

http://wireless.kernel.org/en/users/Drivers/ath9k

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sat, 12 Jun 2010 01:34:23 +0000
Boot Ultimate Boot CD from Grub2 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=328:boot-ultimate-boot-cd-from-grub2&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=328:boot-ultimate-boot-cd-from-grub2&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Inclua o menu:

menuentry "Ultimate Boot CD memdisk" {
loopback loop /boot/iso/ubcd411-1.iso
linux (loop)/boot/baslinux
initrd (loop)/boot/baslinux.gz
}

Onde o arquivo iso é o arquivo iso disponivel no site: http://www.ultimatebootcd.com

Seatools for DOS esta disponivel no Ultimate Boot CD...

Para FreeDOS:

menuentry "FreeDOS CD memdisk" {
loopback loop /boot/iso/fdfullcd.iso
linux (loop)/isolinux/data/memdisk
initrd (loop)/isolinux/data/fdboot.img
}

E depois os comandos de atualização do GRUB2:
sudo update-grub

 

Para Parted Magic:

menuentry "Parted Magic CD" {
loopback loop (hd0,0)/boot/iso/pmagic-4.10.iso
linux (loop)/pmagic/bzImage isofrom=/dev/sda1/boot/iso/pmagic-4.10.iso root=/dev/ram0 livecd quiet vga=773 noeject noprompt sleep=0 load_ramdisk=1 prompt_ramdisk=0 loglevel=0 keymap=us
initrd (loop)/pmagic/initramfs
boot
}

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Thu, 27 May 2010 14:14:19 +0000
Linha de comando do GRUB http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=327:linha-de-comando-do-grub&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=327:linha-de-comando-do-grub&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Precisa inicializar diretamente pela linha de comando do grub?

Siga estas sugestões de passos:

find /vmlinuz

root (hd0,0)

kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1

initrd /initrd.img

boot

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Tue, 25 May 2010 20:54:03 +0000
Script para copiar várias faixas de um DVD http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=326:script-para-copiar-varias-faixas-de-um-dvd&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=326:script-para-copiar-varias-faixas-de-um-dvd&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 #!/bin/bash

# capítulo a capítulo com audio em inglês e português
for c in {1..20}
do
echo "Welcome $c times"
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_pt_6_$c.mpg" dvd://6 -chapter $c-$c -aid 128
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_en_6_$c.mpg" dvd://6 -chapter $c-$c -aid 129
done

# títulos inteiros com audio em inglês e português
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_pt_4.mpg" dvd://4 -aid 128
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_en_4.mpg" dvd://4 -aid 129
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_pt_3.mpg" dvd://3 -aid 128
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_en_3.mpg" dvd://3 -aid 129
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_pt_6_all.mpg" dvd://6 -aid 128
mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "backyardigans_en_6_all.mpg" dvd://6 -aid 129

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sun, 23 May 2010 19:04:23 +0000
Destravar os paineis no Ubuntu Lucid para Netbook http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=325:destravar-os-paineis-no-ubuntu-lucid-para-netbook&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=325:destravar-os-paineis-no-ubuntu-lucid-para-netbook&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 link:http://maketecheasier.com/unlock-gnome-panel-in-ubuntu-netbook-edition-une/2010/04/25

Siga as instruções do site acima.

sudo ln -s /etc/xdg/xdg-une/autostart/maximus-autostart.desktop /etc/xdg/autostart/
sudo ln -s /etc/xdg/xdg-une/autostart/netbook-launcher.desktop /etc/xdg/autostart/
sudo ln -s /usr/share/gconf/une/default/20_une-gconf-default /usr/share/gconf/defaults/
sudo ln -s /usr/share/gconf/une/mandatory/20_une-gconf-mandatory /usr/share/gconf/defaults/
sudo update-gconf-defaults

The above commands will create a bunch of symlinks from the UNE configuration file to the Gnome configuration file.

Next, log out of your current session. At the login screen, change the session to Gnome.

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Fri, 14 May 2010 00:54:11 +0000
Programa para Bebês http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=324:programa-para-bebes&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=324:programa-para-bebes&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Para Linux: http://code.google.com/p/bambam/

sudo apt-get install python-pygame

wget http://bambam.googlecode.com/files/bambam-0.2.zip

unzip  bambam-0.2.zip

cd bambam-0.2

python bambam.py

OBS: para sair do programa digite: quit

 

Para Windows:

http://www.hanselman.com/babysmash/

http://home.dlma.com/Download/Maddie.html

http://www.freewareweb.com/cgi-bin/archive.cgi?ID=1195

 

Para MacOS: http://alphababy.sourceforge.net/

Programa pago: http://www.balooba.se/baloobasoftware/index.html

Se preferir um desktop inteiro tem este site (onde esta o babybuntu?) :

http://www.qimo4kids.com/

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Thu, 13 May 2010 23:34:43 +0000
Wine e CrossOver para Office 2007 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=323:wine-e-crossover-para-office-2007&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=323:wine-e-crossover-para-office-2007&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/topico/Iniciantes-no-Linux/Como-instalar-o-MS-Office-2007-no-Linux-usando-o-WINE-1.2

Inclusive MS Project

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Thu, 13 May 2010 17:09:00 +0000
Hotmail com pop3 ? http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=318:hotmail-com-pop3-&catid=59:email&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=318:hotmail-com-pop3-&catid=59:email&Itemid=100 link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UsingHotmailWithEvolution

 

  • Server Type: POP

  • Server: pop3.live.com (Port 995)

  • Username: johndoe@hotmail.com

  • Use Secure Connection: SSL encryption

  • Authentication: Password Authentication

 

Sending(smtp) Mail

 

  • Server: smtp.live.com (Port 25 or 587)

    • Note: Some ISPs block port 25, if you are having a problem sending mail, substitute smtp.live.com:587 for the server information above.

  • Server requires authentication: Checked

  • Security: TLS encryption

  • Authentication: Plain or Login

  • Username: johndoe@hotmail.com

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Email Tue, 11 May 2010 12:18:49 +0000
Instruções da Comunidade Ubuntu sobre Dovecot e Postfix http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=317:instrucoes-da-comunidade-ubuntu-sobre-dovecot-e-postfix&catid=59:email&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=317:instrucoes-da-comunidade-ubuntu-sobre-dovecot-e-postfix&catid=59:email&Itemid=100 Dovecot

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Dovecot

Postfix

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Postfix

Creating and Using a self signed SSL Certificates

http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/284

POP3 Aggregator

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/POP3Aggregator

MySQL Virtual Email (vmail)

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/MySQLVirtualEmail

Gmail Postfix Fetchmail

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/GmailPostfixFetchmail

Dovecot LDAP

https://help.ubuntu.com/community/DovecotLDAP

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Email Tue, 11 May 2010 11:50:23 +0000
Services not started (during boot) / upstart problem? (lucid - cups, sshd and others) http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=316:services-not-started-upstart-problem-lucid-cups-sshd-and-others&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=316:services-not-started-upstart-problem-lucid-cups-sshd-and-others&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Primeira solução

com o comando abaixo verifique se rc-sysinit esta rodando:

sudo initctl list

Caso contrário altere seu arquivo de configuração:
'/etc/init/rc-sysinit.conf'

de: "start on filesystem and net-device-up IFACE=lo"

para:  "start on filesystem"

 

Outra Solução

Para resolver a questão de inicialização de serviços no ubuntu lucid fiz o downgrade do upstart a seguir:

By editing /etc/apt/preferences and adding the following lines

Package: upstart
Pin: version 0.6.3-10
Pin-Priority: 900

 

Meu upstart estava com a versão do lucid: sudo apt-cache policy upstart

upstart:
Instalado: 0.6.5-6
Candidato: 0.6.5-6
Tabela de versão:
*** 0.6.5-6 0
500 http://br.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid/main Packages
100 /var/lib/dpkg/status

Downgrade com o comando:

apt-get install upstart=0.6.3-10

 

links: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1305226&page=2

links: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?p=8548144

link: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/ifupdown/+bug/497299

link: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/upstart/+bug/500520

 

Outra solução: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/ifupdown/+bug/604283

A possibly cleaner fix would be to set the iface entry to:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
post-up ip addr add 127.0.1.1/8 dev lo

 

Para ver os serviços rodando pode-se utilizar o utilitário

sudo apt-get install rcconf

ou o utilitário:

sudo apt-get install bum

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Mon, 10 May 2010 20:09:17 +0000
Cups is not starting at boot startup on Lucid Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=315:cups-is-not-starting-at-boot-startup-on-lucid-ubuntu&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=315:cups-is-not-starting-at-boot-startup-on-lucid-ubuntu&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 Enquanto o pessoal não corrige o problema de inicialização do Ubuntu Lucid de serviços, segue outro workarround, desta vez para o cups.

Para fazer o CUPS Server iniciar automaticamente precisei ajustar a sequencia de startup dos serviços da seguinte forma provisória:

sudo mv /etc/rc2.d/S50cups /etc/rc2.d/S80cups
sudo mv /etc/rc3.d/S50cups /etc/rc2.d/S80cups
sudo mv /etc/rc4.d/S50cups /etc/rc2.d/S80cups
sudo mv /etc/rc5.d/S50cups /etc/rc2.d/S80cups

Depois adotei a solução de incluir o arquivo /etc/network/if-up.d/cups para inicializar o cups server quando a interface lo for inicializada.

#! /bin/sh
# Reload Cups when lo interface comes up, to allow it to start
set -e
# Don't bother to restart cups server when not lo that is configured.
if [ "$IFACE" != lo ]; then
exit 0
fi
# Only run from ifup.
if [ "$MODE" != start ]; then
exit 0
fi
service cups restart >/dev/null 2>&1 || true
exit 0

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Impresões e Impressoras Mon, 10 May 2010 19:18:02 +0000
Samba não inicia durante o boot (Don't automaticly startup) do Lucid http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=314:samba-nao-inicia-durante-o-boot-dont-automaticly-startup-do-lucid&catid=60:compartilhamento-de-arquivos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=314:samba-nao-inicia-durante-o-boot-dont-automaticly-startup-do-lucid&catid=60:compartilhamento-de-arquivos&Itemid=100 link: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/samba/+bug/462169

 

In file "/etc/init/smbd.conf"

change this:

start on local-filesystems

into this:

start on (local-filesystems and net-device-up IFACE!=lo)

(which is how nmbd is also started, btw).

 

No entanto o que funcionou foi criar um arquivo para reiniciar o samba junto com a interface de rede br0 (no meu caso):

/etc/network/if-up.d/samba

#! /bin/sh
# Reload samba when an interface comes up, to allow it to start
# listening on new addresses.
set -e
# Don't bother to restart samba server when lo is configured.
if [ "$IFACE" = lo ]; then
exit 0
fi
# Only run from ifup.
if [ "$MODE" != start ]; then
exit 0
fi
# samba server only cares about inet and inet6.
if [ "$ADDRFAM" != inet ] && [ "$ADDRFAM" != inet6 ]; then
exit 0
fi
# specific interface to listen !!!!
if [ "$IFACE" = br0 ]; then
service smbd restart >/dev/null 2>&1 || true
exit 0
fi
exit 0

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Compartilhamento de Arquivos Sun, 09 May 2010 15:05:05 +0000
Programas CAD no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=313:programas-cad-no-ubuntu&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=313:programas-cad-no-ubuntu&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=566661

  • qcad
  • sagcad
  • varkon
  • pythoncad

 

Todos disponíveis via sudo apt-get install ...

Outro link interessante: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuEngineering

Veja tb o VariCAD Viewer for Linux: http://www.varicad.com/en/home/products/download/

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Fri, 07 May 2010 15:10:50 +0000
Exemplos de arquivos para autofs http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=312:exemplos-de-arquivos-para-autofs&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=312:exemplos-de-arquivos-para-autofs&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 sudo apt-get install autofs
sudo cp /etc/auto.master /etc/auto.master.bak

auto.master
/srv/smb    /etc/auto.smb  #arquivo original do autofs
/srv/net    /etc/auto.net      #arquivo original do autofs
/srv/home      /etc/auto.home
/srv/shareddocs  /etc/auto.shareddocs

sudo bash
echo * master.casa.lan:/home/& > /etc/auto.home
echo * master.casa.lan:/shareddocs/& > /etc/auto.shareddocs

 

auto.home
* master.casa.lan:/home/&

auto.shareddocs
* master.casa.lan:/srv/shareddocs/&

sudo service autofs restart

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Tue, 04 May 2010 01:03:40 +0000
How to ubuntu change login screen window appearance after 9.10 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=311:how-to-ubuntu-change-login-screen-window-appearance-after-910&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=311:how-to-ubuntu-change-login-screen-window-appearance-after-910&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 link: http://www.ubun2.com/question/293/how_ubuntu_change_login_screen_window_appearance_910

1. Logout of your current session and return to the GDM
2. Switch to the tty command line prompt using Ctrl-Alt-F1
3. Login using your normal login/password
4. at the command line prompt type: export DISPLAY=:0.0
5. then type: sudo -u gdm gnome-control-center
6. Switch back to the gdm screen using ALT-F7 ou ALT-F8
7. The gnome-control-center should be loaded. Use it to configure your GDM.
8. Click on the Appearances icon, in appearances you can change your GDM's font, theme and background image.
9. Close the gnome-control-center and login normally.

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Sun, 02 May 2010 17:06:24 +0000
Project Management Software http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=308:linux-project-management-software&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=308:linux-project-management-software&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Microsoft Project Like (and not so like):

http://www.taskjuggler.org/ - TaskJuggler

http://ganttproject.biz/ - GanttProject

http://live.gnome.org/Planner - Planner

http://openproj.org/ - OpenProj

http://www.koffice.org/ - Koffice KPlato

http://www.pureviolet.net/ganttpv/ - GanttPV

http://www.openworkbench.org/ - Open Workbench

http://www.wolfkeeper.uklinux.net/FUTURe/ - FUTURe

 

Web Based:

http://www.opengoo.org/ - OpenGoo

http://www.egroupware.org/ - eGroupWare

http://www.dotproject.net/ - dotProject

http://www.redmine.org/ - Redmine

http://www.codendi.com/ -Codendi

http://www.projectpier.org/ - Project Pier

http://trac.edgewall.org/ - Trac

http://projecthq.org/ - Project HQ

http://collabtive.o-dyn.de/ - Collabtive

http://www.kforgeproject.com/ - Kforge

http://wiki.clockingit.com/ - ClockingIT

http://www.project2manage.com/ - Project2Manage

http://www.smartsheet.com/ - SmartSheet

http://nokahuna.com/ - No Kahuna

http://projects.zoho.com/ - Zoho Projects

http://www.springloops.com/ - Spring Loops

http://www.teamworkpm.net/ - TeamworkPM

http://www.5pmweb.com/ - 5pm

http://goplanapp.com/ - goplan

http://www.project360.com/ - Project360

http://www.project-open.org/ - Project-Open

http://www.valleyspeak.com/ - Valley Speak

http://www.deskaway.com/ - Deskaway

http://www.wrike.com/ - Wrike

http://www.aceproject.com/ - ACE Project

 

 

 

links de referencia:

http://www.linuxlinks.com/article/200904102027568/ProjectManagement.html

http://www.linux.org/apps/all/Office/Project_Management.html

http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/open-source-project-management-software.html

http://www.pm-software-tools.com/


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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Sat, 24 Apr 2010 13:23:41 +0000
Gnome's "Open With" list http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=307:gnomes-qopen-withq-list&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=307:gnomes-qopen-withq-list&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showpost.php?p=2217749&postcount=8

Here is the list of MIMEs and associated applications (for all users):
/etc/gnome/defaults.list

User created (added) applications are stored here:
~/.local/share/applications/

The best way to remove application from "Open with" would be to edit corresponding application.desktop and remove the MIME from the MimeType section. And after that do
sudo update-desktop-database

Files .desktop are stored in two locations:
/usr/share/app-install/desktop
/usr/share/applications


Ok, the easy way. By 'easy' I mean - it's working but if you run update-desktop-database the list is reverted back to defaults.
gksudo gedit /usr/share/applications/mimeinfo.cache

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Fri, 23 Apr 2010 13:50:28 +0000
Configurar placa de video antiga no ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=306:configurar-placa-de-video-antiga-no-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=306:configurar-placa-de-video-antiga-no-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Tive muitos problemas com minha RIVA TNT no ubuntu karmic, mas parece que agora consegui a resolução de 1024x768.

Vou guardar este texto para a posteridade como disse o autor em sua citação original.

link: http://newyork.ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1235833

post: http://newyork.ubuntuforums.org/showpost.php?p=8039154&postcount=7

"Re: Force resolution to 1024x768 (on old hardware with new Xorg)


For posterity... I ran into almost exactly the same problem. I am running Ubuntu 9.04 using an nvidia 5500FX and a NEC MultiSync 3V CRT. Ubuntu GDM would not go higher than 800x600.

I did find that Ubuntu is unable to detect the CRT and lists it as unknown. If I connected a 15" Sony LCD display, Ubuntu correctly detects the monitor and allows me to increase res. to 1024x768. If I hot swapped my video to the NEC 3V CRT, the display was out of synch. I swapped back to the sony LCD, opened the display preferences and manually decreased the refresh rate to 60 Hz. Then I swapped back to the 3V CRT and the display was fine. It was running at 1024x768 @ 60 Hz and everything was good. However, if I reboot the system, the resolution reverts to 800x600 max.

Following the steps here, I did the following:

1. Edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf file
Section "Device"
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Configured Monitor"
HorizSync 30.0 - 62.0
VertRefresh 50.0 - 70.0
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Default Screen"
Monitor "Configured Monitor"
Device "Configured Video Device"
DefaultDepth 24
SubSection "Display"
Depth 24
Modes "1024x768" "800x600"
EndSubSection
EndSection
NOTE: I changed my H. Sync and V. Refresh values for the NEC 3V
HorizSync = 31.0 - 50.0
VertRefresh = 55.0 - 90.0

HINT: I ended up making a copy of xorg.conf in my home folder because I was having some other problems where I had to use the recovery console and repair the xconf which would overwrite my changes. So keeping the copy in my home folder allowed me to just re-copy to /etc/X11/xorg.conf whenever that happened.


2. Found modeline for 1024x768
Used "X/Config/Resolution" (https://wiki.ubuntu.com/X/Config/Res...%20resolutions) to find this command:
$cvt 1024 768


3.
$ xrandr --newmode "1024x768_60.00" 63.50 1024 1072 1176 1328 768 771 775 798 -hsync +vsync

4.
xrandr --addmode default 1024x768_60.00

Now, after all this, I was getting the same "xrandr: Configure crtc 0 failed" error that ola was getting. He seemed to resolve the problem but based on the information he posted, I didn't see the solution.

Here is what I did next:

5. Stop the GDM
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm stop

I issued this commend from within the GDM so it promptly booted me out to a message about reloading the logging deamon or something like that.

6. Enter the terminal
++

I found that in here "xrandr" would do nothing. I guess it only works from within the GDM or when the GDM is running.


7. Start the GDM
$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm start

When the GDM starts back up, it was in 1024x768. Additionally, xrandr and the Display preferences showed 15 or so resolutions, where before I only had a few. Additionally, I found that after rebooting, the resolution remained set.

Just to make sure I had all the steps down, I formatted and re-installed Ubuntu from scratch and I was able to repeat all the steps as listed here.

I hope this might help someone out there... or maybe just me if I run into it again."

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Sat, 27 Mar 2010 00:56:20 +0000
Ampliar a vida da bateria do HTC http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=305:ampliar-a-vida-da-bateria-do-htc&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=305:ampliar-a-vida-da-bateria-do-htc&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 "Battery calibration is simply done by running it down completely until the phone shuts off by itself. Then remove the battery, wait 10 seconds, insert again, repeat. If the phone shuts off again in less than a few minutes you're done.remove battery and hold power button for 1minute.then insert battery.dont switch on the phone. plug the charger and recharge the battery fully until the green light is on.then remove battery,hold power buttin for few seconds,insert it and switch on the phone...do this initially once in 3-4months when the phone is new.then ince a month after a year to gain maximum battery performance"

 

link: http://wiki.xda-developers.com/index.php?pagename=Battery%20Calibration

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Outros Wed, 10 Feb 2010 23:39:48 +0000
Configurar APN no Android para a Claro SP http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=304:configurar-apn-no-android-para-a-claro-sp&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=304:configurar-apn-no-android-para-a-claro-sp&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 Name: Claro Dados EDGE
APN: claro.com.br
Proxy: NADA
Port: NADA
Username: claro
Password: claro
Server: NADA
MMSC: NADA
MMS proxy: NADA
MMS port: NADA
MCC: 724
MNC: 05
APN type: NADA

 

link: http://info.abril.com.br/forum/viewtopic.php?f=152&t=1021

Testado com o HTC P3401 - gene rodando Android no cartão SD (dual boot com WM6.5)

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Outros Mon, 08 Feb 2010 02:15:05 +0000
Gtkpod para ouvir música http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=303:gtkpod-para-ouvir-musica&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=303:gtkpod-para-ouvir-musica&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.ghacks.net/2008/12/28/configuring-gtkpod-for-music-playback/

sudo apt-get install mpg123

Depois configure as seguintes opções com o comando: mpg123 %s

  • Command for ‘Play now’
  • Command for ‘Enqueue’

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 06 Feb 2010 14:49:37 +0000
Portal com software multimidia atulizado - Getdeb http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=302:portal-com-software-multimidia-atulizado-getdeb&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=302:portal-com-software-multimidia-atulizado-getdeb&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.getdeb.net/

 

Go to System-Administration-Software Sources, Third-Party Software tab, Add:

deb http://archive.getdeb.net/ubuntu karmic-getdeb apps

Add the repository GPG key, open a terminal window and type:

wget -q -O- http://archive.getdeb.net/getdeb-archive.key | sudo apt-key add -

 

Vou testar o aplicativo Smile de slideshow de videos e fotos.


Conheça também o getdeb para jogos em: http://www.playdeb.net/

Go to System-Administration-Software Sources, Third-Party Software tab, Add:

deb http://archive.getdeb.net/ubuntu karmic-getdeb games

Add the repository GPG key, open a terminal window and type:

wget -q -O- http://archive.getdeb.net/getdeb-archive.key | sudo apt-key add -

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sun, 31 Jan 2010 19:52:05 +0000
Aumentar volume de musica em mp3 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=301:aumentar-volume-de-musica-em-mp3&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=301:aumentar-volume-de-musica-em-mp3&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 sabe quando aquela musica foi gravada muito baixa, então...

Adjusting MP3s with mp3gain: http://www.linux.com/archive/feed/59957

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sun, 31 Jan 2010 19:48:17 +0000
Converter Video para o iPod Nano http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=300:converter-video-para-o-ipod-nano&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=300:converter-video-para-o-ipod-nano&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Primeiro habilite os codecs necessários para ffmpeg: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1117283

Depois utilize o software winff: http://forum.videohelp.com/threads/270409-GUIDE-You-can-do-great-iPod-video-in-Linux!!!

Informações interessantes em: http://rob.opendot.cl/index.php/useful-stuff/ipod-video-guide/

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sun, 31 Jan 2010 01:02:57 +0000
Detectar iPod no Ubuntu Karmic http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=299:detectar-ipod-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=299:detectar-ipod-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Para resolver o problema de detecção do iPod pelo banshee: http://luisgmarine.blogspot.com/2010/01/fix-ipod-detection-in-ubuntu-910.html

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 30 Jan 2010 21:08:45 +0000
Change iPod Mountpoint Label http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=298:change-ipod-mountpoint-label&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=298:change-ipod-mountpoint-label&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Comandos:

sudo mlabel -i /dev/sdh1 -s ::
sudo mlabel -i /dev/sdh1 -n ::iPod


Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=740705

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 30 Jan 2010 20:39:35 +0000
Capturar Tela do Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=297:capturar-tela-do-ubuntu&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=297:capturar-tela-do-ubuntu&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://tips.webdesign10.com/how-to-take-a-screenshot-on-ubuntu-linux

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Fri, 29 Jan 2010 13:56:12 +0000
Instalar AutoCad 2004 no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=296:instalar-autocad-2004-no-ubuntu&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=296:instalar-autocad-2004-no-ubuntu&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 Link interessante: http://alfterhaang.posterous.com/autocad-no-linux

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Windows Fri, 29 Jan 2010 00:01:01 +0000
Versões do AutoCad http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=295:versoes-do-autocad&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=295:versoes-do-autocad&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 Este link mostra todas as versões existentes do AutoCAd: http://antonioamorin.blogspot.com/2009/06/clic-gratis-downloads.html

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Windows Thu, 28 Jan 2010 23:59:32 +0000
Usar Internet Explorer no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=294:usar-internet-explorer-no-ubuntu&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=294:usar-internet-explorer-no-ubuntu&catid=76:windows&Itemid=100 Com ajuda do playpnlinux - Link: http://www.combodigital.com/2009/12/usandoienolinux/

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Windows Thu, 28 Jan 2010 23:52:00 +0000
Converter WMA para MP3 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=293:converter-wma-para-mp3&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=293:converter-wma-para-mp3&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Uitlize este script do nautilus:

sudo apt-get install  nautilus-script-audio-convert

link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=37793&page=5

 

Veja também o programa soundconverter:

link: http://blogdodigao.wordpress.com/2007/12/11/sound-converter-converter-arquivos-wma-para-mp3-no-ubuntu-710/

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sun, 17 Jan 2010 21:21:49 +0000
Configuração Mínima do hostapd - Access Point no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=292:configuracao-minima-do-hostapd-access-point-no-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=292:configuracao-minima-do-hostapd-access-point-no-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 link: http://linuxwireless.org/en/users/Documentation/hostapd

comando para testar:

sudo hostapd -dd /etc/hostapd/minimal.conf

Comando 'iw list' ajuda para saber as opções da placa de rede.

 



interface=wlan0
bridge=br0
driver=nl80211

ssid=minimal
hw_mode=g
channel=1

macaddr_acl=0
accept_mac_file=/etc/hostapd/accept
deny_mac_file=/etc/hostapd/deny
auth_algs=1
ignore_broadcast_ssid=0

wpa=3
wpa_psk_file=/etc/hostapd/wpa_psk_file # lines with 00:00:00:00:00:00 PASSWORD
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
wpa_pairwise=TKIP
rsn_pairwise=CCMP

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sun, 17 Jan 2010 11:31:59 +0000
Instalar skype no ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=291:instalar-skype-no-ubuntu&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=291:instalar-skype-no-ubuntu&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/dica/Instalacao-do-Skype-no-Debian


Uma outra forma bastante fácil é através do apt-get. 

Neste caso, inclua o repositório para baixar o skype no arquivo /etc/apt/sources.list. Edite o arquivo da forma que preferir e inclua a linha: 

deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free

Salve o arquivo e execute os comandos: 

# apt-get update
# apt-get install skype


Seguindo os passos, o Skype estará instalado e funcionando sem nenhuma configuração adicional. 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 16 Jan 2010 21:16:21 +0000
Rotacionar um video no ubuntu - mencoder http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=290:rotacionar-um-video-no-ubuntu-mencoder&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=290:rotacionar-um-video-no-ubuntu-mencoder&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Utilizei o comando abaixo e deu certo:

mencoder MOV01699.MPG -vf rotate=1 -ovc xvid -xvidencopts pass=1:bitrate=687 -oac copy -o teste.mpg

este comando eu peguei no site: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=256702

 

Mas no site abaixo a explicação esta mais completa:

http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/dica/Rotacionando-videos-com-o-Mencoder

Segue um trecho do artigo:

Rotacionando vídeos com o Mencoder

Filmou com sua digital virada e agora não sabe como deixar a imagem na posição correta novamente? Não aguenta mais a dor no pescoço de tanto ficar de cabeça virada assistindo? Pois seus problemas acabaram!!!

Com este simples comando "totalmente excelente" você poderá girar tranquilamente seus vídeos da maneira que desejar. :p

Instale o Mplayer primeiro (o mencoder vem instalado junto com ele).

Vá na pasta onde está o vídeo e digite:

$ mencoder video_original.mpg -vf rotate=1 -oac pcm -ovc lavc -o video_rotacionado.mpg

O detalhe neste comando que nos interessa é a opção -vf que é responsável por aplicar os filtros que são digitados após ela, no nosso caso o "rotate".

No nosso exemplo escolhemos a opção rotate=1 que faz somente o giro de 90 graus sentido horário.

As opções disponíveis mais comuns são:

rotate=0     (Rotaciona 90 graus sentido horário e inverte a imagem)
rotate=1     (Rotaciona 90 graus somente)
rotate=2     (Rotaciona 90 graus sentido anti-horário somente)
rotate=3     (Rotaciona 90 graus sentido anti-horário e inverte a imagem)

Experimente verificar as outras opções do -vf também, como: crop, cropdetect, rectangle, expand, flip, mirror, scale dentre diversas outras opções disponíveis.

A opção flip faz o espelhamento vertical e a mirror o espelhamento horizontal.

Não vem ao caso agora explicar todas elas, para ver todas e o que fazem exatamente verifique o manual do mencoder com o comando:

$ man mencoder
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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Wed, 30 Dec 2009 01:14:46 +0000
DHCP server não inicia no Ubuntu Karmic http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=289:dhcp-server-nao-inicia-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=289:dhcp-server-nao-inicia-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Para fazer o DHCP Server iniciar automaticamente precisei ajustar a sequencia de startup dos serviços da seguinte forma:

sudo mv /etc/rc2.d/S20dhcp3-server /etc/rc2.d/S80dhcp3-server
sudo mv /etc/rc3.d/S20dhcp3-server /etc/rc3.d/S80dhcp3-server
sudo mv /etc/rc4.d/S20dhcp3-server /etc/rc4.d/S80dhcp3-server
sudo mv /etc/rc5.d/S20dhcp3-server /etc/rc5.d/S80dhcp3-server

A solução acima foi provisória. Em um post recente vi que este problema esta relacionado com o network manager e que basta desligá-lo quando o mesmo não esta gerenciamento nenhuma interface.

Stop network manager

sudo /etc/dbus-1/event.d/26NetworkManagerDispatcher stop
sudo /etc/dbus-1/event.d/25NetworkManager stop

Create two files with only the word 'exit' in them. These files are:

/etc/default/NetworkManager
/etc/default/NetworkManagerDispatcher

link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/NetworkManager

link: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/network-manager/+bug/82335

link: http://ubuntuforum-br.org/index.php?topic=56066.0

 

Uma outra solução, é incluir um arquivo if-up.d que liga o servidor dhcp quando uma interface de rede é montada.

Proposed /etc/network/if-up.d/dhcp3-server

#! /bin/sh
# Reload dhcp3-server when an interface comes up, to allow it to start
# listening on new addresses.
set -e
# Don't bother to restart dhcp3-server when lo is configured.
if [ "$IFACE" = lo ]; then
exit 0
fi
# Only run from ifup.
if [ "$MODE" != start ]; then
exit 0
fi
# dhcp3-server only cares about inet and inet6.
if [ "$ADDRFAM" != inet ] && [ "$ADDRFAM" != inet6 ]; then
exit 0
fi
# Is /usr mounted?
if [ ! -e /usr/sbin/dhcpd3 ]; then
exit 0
fi
/etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart >/dev/null 2>&1 || true
exit 0

link: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/dhcp3/+bug/280123


Outra solução:
No arquivo /etc/default/dhcp3-server

Inclua a linha com a interface correspondente ao seu caso:
INTERFACES="br0"

 

link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=74925&highlight=dhcp3-server

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Tue, 08 Dec 2009 11:55:28 +0000
Transformar Imagem em Video http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=288:transformar-imagem-em-video&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=288:transformar-imagem-em-video&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=573006&page=2

Here's how to do it:
Use two copies of the same picture. Name them pic1.jpg and pic2.jpg. Then enter the following:

mencoder "mf://pic*.jpg" -mf fps=0.1 -ovc x264 -o movie.avi

The reason why we are using two frames here is because movie players will treat 1-frame movies different. A 1-frame movie in mplayer will have zero duration, i.e. the player window will close immediately. Since we don't know how Youtube will treat them while transcoding to Flash video format, it's better to use at least 2 frames just to be on the safe side.

In fact, i was able to get by without the "mf" option, thus:

mencoder "mf://pic1.jpg" -ovc x264 -o movie.avi

 

 

veja também o comando zoomer ou o manual dele:

man zoomer

 

O programa videoporama faz slides de imagens com uma interface gráfica.

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 05 Dec 2009 20:33:21 +0000
Transformar Imagem em Video http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=287:transformar-imagem-em-video&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=287:transformar-imagem-em-video&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=573006&page=2

Here's how to do it:
Use two copies of the same picture. Name them pic1.jpg and pic2.jpg. Then enter the following:

mencoder "mf://pic*.jpg" -mf fps=0.1 -ovc x264 -o movie.avi

The reason why we are using two frames here is because movie players will treat 1-frame movies different. A 1-frame movie in mplayer will have zero duration, i.e. the player window will close immediately. Since we don't know how Youtube will treat them while transcoding to Flash video format, it's better to use at least 2 frames just to be on the safe side.

In fact, i was able to get by without the "mf" option, thus:

mencoder "mf://pic1.jpg" -ovc x264 -o movie.avi

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 05 Dec 2009 20:33:19 +0000
Webcam e o linux http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=286:webcam-e-o-linux&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=286:webcam-e-o-linux&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Link interessante: http://wiki.ubuntu-br.org/Webcam

No meu caso tive que trocar o driver por exemplo de:
mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0
para:
mplayer tv:// -tv driver=v4l2:width=640:height=480:device=/dev/video0

Um comando para testar o video e placa de som seria o comando abaixo:

gstreamer-properties

 

Acesse também este site: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/EasyCam

É específico para o ubuntu.

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Sun, 15 Nov 2009 15:29:07 +0000
Instalação do driver para placa de video nvidia legacy RIVA TNT2 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=285:instalacao-do-driver-para-placa-de-video-nvidia-legacy-riva-tnt2&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=285:instalacao-do-driver-para-placa-de-video-nvidia-legacy-riva-tnt2&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 link: http://ubuntuforum-br.org/index.php?topic=46952.0

Acessar o sistema com um Live CD e depois faça o download do driver:

http://www.nvidia.com.br/object/linux_display_ia32_71.86.11_br.html

link direto: http://us.download.nvidia.com/XFree86/Linux-x86/71.86.11/NVIDIA-Linux-x86-71.86.11-pkg1.run

wget http://us.download.nvidia.com/XFree86/Linux-x86/71.86.11/NVIDIA-Linux-x86-71.86.11-pkg1.run

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mdadm
sudo mdadm --assemble --scan
cat /proc/mdstat

e aguarde o resync, se necessário.

sudo mkdir /target
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/md1 /target
sudo mount --bind /dev /target/dev
sudo mount -t proc proc /target/proc
sudo mount -t sysfs sysfs /target/sys
sudo cp NVIDIA-Linux-x86-71.86.11-pkg1.run /target/root/
sudo chroot /target


apt-get update
sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg_backup
uname -r (para saber qual a versão do kernel que encontra-se instalada)

O meu é o 2.6.31-14-generic substitua as linhas abaixo de acordo.

use o comando APT-GET abaixo:
apt-get install linux-headers-2.6.31-14-generic linux-source-2.6.31 build-essential

Agora vamos começar a instalação de fato.
INSTALAÇÃO

apt-get remove nvidia*
apt-get install gcc gcc-4.4 (para o ubuntu karmic)
cd /root
sh NVIDIA-Linux-x86-71.86.11-pkg1.run (a instalação começará)

nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf

- altere as linhas da seção 'module' de modo que fique desta forma:

Código:
Section "Module"
Load "bitmap"
Load "dbe"
Load "ddc"
#Load "dri"
#Load “GLcore”
Load "extmod"
Load "freetype"
Load "glx"
Load "int10"
Load "record"
Load "type1"
Load "vbe"
EndSection

Feito isto, procure pela seção “DEVICE” e mude o driver de nv para nvidia

Seu driver está instalado! Agora é só testar.

exit
sudo umount  /target/sys
sudo umount  /target/proc
sudo umount  /target/dev
sudo umount  /target

Se precisar desinstalar, acesse o sistema com um Live CD e depois:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mdadm
sudo mdadm --assemble --scan
cat /proc/mdstat
sudo mkdir /target
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/md1 /target
sudo mount --bind /dev /target/dev
sudo mount -t proc proc /target/proc
sudo mount -t sysfs sysfs /target/sys
sudo chroot /target
cd /root
sh NVIDIA-Linux-x86-71.86.11-pkg1.run --uninstall

Altere ou apague (karmic) o xorg.conf

rm /etc/X11/xorg.conf

exit
sudo umount  /target/sys
sudo umount  /target/proc
sudo umount  /target/dev
sudo umount  /target

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Mon, 09 Nov 2009 00:10:39 +0000
Este artigo salvou a patria para hardware que não aceita GRUB http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=284:este-artigo-salvou-a-patria-para-hardware-que-nao-aceita-grub&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=284:este-artigo-salvou-a-patria-para-hardware-que-nao-aceita-grub&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 link: http://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-mini/Boot+Root+Raid+LILO.html

 

 


Boot + Root + Raid + Lilo : Software Raid mini-HOWTO

Michael Robinton, Michael@BizSystems.com

v1.04, July 20, 2000


This document provides a cookbook for setting up root raid using the 0.90 raidtools for bootable raid mounted on root using standard LILO. Also covered is the conversion of a conventional disk to a raid1 or raid5 mirror set without the loss of data on the original disk.


 

1. Introduction

 

2. What you need BEFORE YOU START

 

3. Bootable Raid

 

4. Upgrading from non-raid to RAID1/4/5

 

5. Appendix A. - example raidtab

 

6. Appendix B. - SCSI reference implementation RAID5

 

7. Appendix C. - ide RAID10 with initrd

 

8. Appendix D. - ide RAID1-10 with initrd


1. Introduction

 

1.1 Acknowledgements

The essence of the information I've put together here was originally provided by Harald Nordgård-Hansen < hnh@bukharin.hiof.no> and posted to the raid mail list in a lilo.conf file with commentary by Martin Bene < mb@sime.com>. Many thanks for your contribution. I've tried to put this information and the helpful work of many others who contribute to the raid mail list and linux raid project into a COOKBOOK form, including many examples from real systems so that bootable root raid is easy to set up and understand. One section is devoted to the conversion of a standard single drive system to RAID. The key to the conversion, in my humble opinion, is the understanding of bootable root raid.

 

1.2 Bugs

Yes, I'm sure there are some. If you'd be good enough to report them, I will correct the document. ;-)

 

1.3 Copyright Notice

This document is GNU copyleft by Michael Robinton Michael@BizSystems.com.

Permission to use, copy, distribute this document for any purpose is hereby granted, provided that the author's / editor's name and this notice appear in all copies and/or supporting documents; and that an unmodified version of this document is made freely available. This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, either expressed or implied. While every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information documented herein, the author / editor / maintainer assumes NO RESPONSIBILITY for any errors, or for any damages, direct or consequential, as a result of the use of the information documented herein.

 

 


2. What you need BEFORE YOU START

The packages you need and the documentation that answers the most common questions about setting up and running raid are listed below. Please review them throughly.

 

2.1 Required Packages

You need to obtain the most recent versions of these packages.

 

2.2 Where to get Up-to-date copies of this document.

Click here to browse the author's latest version of this document. Corrections and suggestions welcome!

Boot Root Raid + LILO HOWTO

Available in LaTeX (for DVI and PostScript), plain text, and HTML.

http://www.linuxdoc.org/HOWTO/Boot+Root+Raid+LILO.html

Available in SGML and HTML.

ftp.bizsystems.net/pub/raid/

 

2.3 Documentation -- Recommended Reading

If you plan on using raid1/5 over raid0, please read:

/usr/src/linux/Documentation/initrd.txt

 

as well as the documentation and man pages that accompany the raidtools set.

 

and..... Software-RAID-HOWTO.html

 

2.4 RAID resources

Mailing lists can be joined at:

 

 


3. Bootable Raid

I'm not going to cover the fundamentals of setting up raid0/1/5 on Linux, that is covered in detail elsewhere. The problem I will address is setting up raid on root and making it bootable with standard LILO. The documentation that comes with the LILO sources (not the man pages) and with the raidtools-0.90, covers the details of booting and boot parameters as well as general raid setup - respectively.

 

There are two scenarios which are covered here. Set up of bootable root raid and the conversion of an existing non-raid system to bootable root raid without data loss.

 

3.1 Booting RAID 1 with standard LILO

To make the boot information redundant and easy to maintain, set up a small RAID1 and mount it on the /boot directory of your system disk. LILO does not know about device 0x9?? and can not find the information at boot time because the raid sub system is not active then. As a simple work around, you can pass LILO the geometry information of the drive(s) and from that, LILO can determine the position of the information needed to load the kernel even though it is on the RAID1 partition. This is because the RAID1 partition is the same as a standard partition but with a raid super-block written at the end. The boot raid set should fall with the first 1024 mbytes of the disk drive. In theory the start of the raid partition could fall anywhere in the 1024 megs, but in practice I was unable to get it to work unless the boot-raid started at the first block of the set. This is probably because of something dumb that I did, but it was not worth following up at the time. Since then I've simply set up all my systems with the boot-raid set as the first partition. I have root raid system configurations with bootable RAID1 mounted on /boot with root raid sets as follows: RAID1, RAID5, RAID10 & RAID1-10 ( 1 mirror + 1 raid0 set). The last has a very peculiar lilo file pair since none of the disk geometries are the same, however, the principals are the same for the initial boot process. The RAID10 and RAID1-10 root mounts require the use of initrd to mount root after the boot process has taken place. See the appendices for the configuration files for all of these example systems.

 

A conventional LILO config file stripped down looks like this:

 

# lilo.conf - assumes drive less than 1024
boot = /dev/hda
delay = 40 # extra, but nice
vga = normal # not normally needed
image = /bzImage
root = /dev/hda1
read-only
label = Linux

 

A raid LILO config file pair would look like this:

 

# lilo.conf.hda - primary ide master
disk=/dev/md0
bios=0x80
sectors=63
heads=16
cylinders=39770
partition=/dev/md1
start=63
boot=/dev/hda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b
image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
read-only
label=LinuxRaid

# ---------------------

# lilo.conf.hdc - secondary ide master
disk=/dev/md0
bios=0x80 # see note below
sectors=63
heads=16
cylinders=39770
partition=/dev/md1
start=63
boot=/dev/hdc # this is the other disk
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b
image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
read-only
label=LinuxRaid

# BIOS=line -- if your bios is smart enough (most are not) to detect that that the first disk is missing or failed and will automatically boot from the second disk, then bios=81 would be the appropriate entry here. This is more common with SCSI bios than IDE bios. I simply plan on relocating the drive so it will replace the dead drive C: in the event of failure of the primary boot drive.

 

The geometry information for the drive can be obtained from fdisk with the command:

 

fdisk -ul (little L)
fdisk -ul /dev/hda

Disk /dev/hda: 16 heads, 63 sectors, 39770 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 63 33263 16600+ fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hda2 33264 443519 205128 82 Linux swap
/dev/hda3 443520 40088159 19822320 fd Linux raid autodetect

* note the listing of the START of each partition

 

3.2 Detailed explaination of lilo.conf for raid boot

The raid lilo.conf file above, commented in detail for each entry.

 

# lilo.conf.hda - primary ide master
# the location of the /boot directory that will be
# designated below as containing the kernel, map, etc...
# note that this is NOT the actual partition containing
# the boot image and info, but rather the device
# that logically contains this directory.
# in this example, /dev/md1 is mounted on /dev/md0/boot
disk=/dev/md0

# tell LILO which bios device to use for boot, i.e. C: drive
bios=0x80

# tell LILO the geometry of the device
# this is usually but not always the "logical"
# geometry. Check the /proc file system or watch
# the boot messages when the kernel probes for the drive
#
sectors=63
heads=16
cylinders=39770

# this is a dummy entry to make LILO happy so it
# will recognize the raid set 0x9?? and then find
# the START of the boot sector. To really see
# what this was for, read the documentation
# that comes with the LILO source distribution.
# This parameter "must" be different than the
# disk= entry above. It can be any other mdx
# device, used or unused and need not be the one
# that contains the /boot information
#
partition=/dev/md1

# the first sector of the partition containing /boot information
start=63

# the real device that LILO will write the boot information to
boot=/dev/hda

# logically where LILO will put the boot information
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

# logically where lilo will find the kernel image
image=/boot/bzImage

# standard stuff after this
# root may be a raid1/4/5 device
root=/dev/md0
read-only
label=LinuxRaid

 


4. Upgrading from non-raid to RAID1/4/5

Upgrading a non-raid system to raid is fairly easy and consists of several discrete steps described below. The description is for a system with a boot partition, root partition and swap partition.

OLD disk in the existing system:

/dev/hda1 boot, may be dos+lodlin or lilo
/dev/hda2 root
/dev/hda3 swap

We will add an additional disk and convert the entire system to RAID1. You could easily add several disks and make a RAID5 set instead using the same procedure.

 

4.1 Step 1 - prepare a new kernel

Download a clean kernel, raidtools-0.90 (or the most recent version), and the kernel patch to upgrade the kernel to 0.90 raid.

Compile and install the raidtools and READ the documentation.

Compile and install the kernel to support all the flavors (0/1/4/5 ?) of raid that you will be using. Make sure to specify autostart of raid devices in the kernel configuration. Test that the kernel boots properly and examine /proc/mdstat to see that the raid flavors you will use are supported by the new kernel.

 

4.2 Step 2 - set up raidtab for your new raid.

The new disk will be added to an additional IDE controller as the master device, thus becomming /dev/hdc

 

    /dev/hdc1     16megs -- more than enough for several kernel images
/dev/hdc2 most of the disk
/dev/hdc3 some more swap space, if needed. otherwise add to hdc2

Change the partition types for /dev/hdc1 and /dev/hdc2 to "fd" for raid-autostart.

Using the failed-disk parameter, create a raidtab for the desired RAID1 configuration. The failed disk must be the last entry in the table.

 

# example raidtab
# md0 is the root array
raiddev /dev/md0
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
chunk-size 32
# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
persistent-superblock 1
device /dev/hdc2
raid-disk 0
# this is our old disk, mark as failed for now
device /dev/hda2
failed-disk 1

# md1 is the /boot array
raiddev /dev/md1
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
chunk-size 32
# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
persistent-superblock 1
device /dev/hdc1
raid-disk 0
# boot is marked failed as well
device /dev/hda1
failed-disk 1

 

4.3 Create, format, and configure RAID

Create the md devices with the commands:

    mkraid /dev/md0
mkraid /dev/md1

The raid devices should be created and start. Examination of /proc/mdstat should show the raid personalities in the kernel and the raid devices running.

Format the boot and root devices with:

    mke2fs /dev/md0
mke2fs /dev/md1

Mount the new root device somewhere handy and create the /boot directory and mount the boot partition.

    mount /dev/md0 /mnt
mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/md1 /mnt/boot

 

4.4 Copy the current OS to the new raid device

This is pretty straightforward.

    cd /
# set up a batch file to do this
cp -a /bin /mnt
cp -a /dev /mnt
cp -a /etc /mnt
cp -a (all directories except /mnt, /proc, and nsf mounts) /mnt

This operation can be tricky if you have mounted or linked other disks to your root file system. The example above assumes a very simple system, you may have to modify the procedure somewhat.

 

4.5 Test your new RAID

Make a boot floppy and rdev the kernel.

 

    dd if=kernal.image of=/dev/fd0 bs=2k
rdev /dev/fd0 /dev/md0
rdev -r /dev/fd0 0
rdev -R /dev/fd0 1

Modify the fstab on the RAID device to reflect the new mount points as follows:

  /dev/md0        /       ext2    defaults        1 1
/dev/md1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 1

Dismount the raid devices and boot the new file system to see that all works correctly.

 

    umount /mnt/boot
umount /mnt
raidstop /dev/md0
raidstop /dev/md1
shutdown -r now

Your RAID system should now be up and running in degraded mode with a floppy boot disk. Carefully check that you transferred everything to the new raid system. If you mess up here without a backup, YOU ARE DEAD!

If something did not work, reboot your old system and go back and fix things up until you successfully complete this step.

 

4.6 Integrate old disk into raid array

Success in the previous step means that the raid array is now operational, but without redundancy. We must now re-partition the old drive(s) to fit into the new raid array. Remember that if the geometries are not the same, the the partition size on the old drive must be the same or larger than the raid partitions or they can not be added to the raid set.

Re-partition the old drive as required. Example:

    /dev/hda1     same or larger than /dev/hdc1
/dev/hda2 same or larger than /dev/hdc2
/dev/hda3 anything left over for swap or whatever...

Change the failed-disk parameter in the raidtab to raid-disk and hot add the new (old) disk partitions to the raid array.

    raidhotadd /dev/md1 /dev/hda1
raidhotadd /dev/md0 /dev/hda2

Examining /proc/mdstat should show one or more of the raid devices reconstructing the data for the new partitions. After a minute or two... or so, the raid arrays should be fully synchronized (this could take a while for a large partition).

 

Using the procedure described in the first sections of this document, set up bootable raid on the new raid pair. Hang on to that boot floppy while setting up and testing this last step.

 


5. Appendix A. - example raidtab

RAID1 example described in the first sections of this document

 

 df
Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/md0 19510780 1763188 16756484 10% /
/dev/md1 15860 984 14051 7% /boot

# --------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hda

Disk /dev/hda: 16 heads, 63 sectors, 39770 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 63 33263 16600+ fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hda2 33264 443519 205128 83 Linux native
/dev/hda3 443520 40088159 19822320 fd Linux raid autodetect

# --------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdc

Disk /dev/hdc: 16 heads, 63 sectors, 39770 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdc1 63 33263 16600+ fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hdc2 33264 443519 205128 82 Linux swap
/dev/hdc3 443520 40088159 19822320 fd Linux raid autodetect

# --------------------------

# md0 is the root array, about 20 gigs
raiddev /dev/md0
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
chunk-size 32
# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
persistent-superblock 1
device /dev/hda3
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdc3
raid-disk 1

# md1 is the /boot array, about 16 megs
raiddev /dev/md1
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
chunk-size 32
# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
persistent-superblock 1
device /dev/hda1
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdc1
raid-disk 1

# --------------------------

# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md0
# geometry
bios=0x80
sectors=63
heads=16
cylinders=39770
# dummy
partition=/dev/md1
# start of device "disk" above
start=63

boot=/dev/hda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

# -------------------------

# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md0
# geometry
bios=0x80
sectors=63
heads=16
cylinders=39770
# dummy
partition=/dev/md1
# start of device "disk" above
start=63

boot=/dev/hdc
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

 


6. Appendix B. - SCSI reference implementation RAID5

4 disk SCSI RAID5

 df
Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/md0 11753770 2146076 9000678 19% /
/dev/md1 15739 885 14042 6% /boot

# --------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/sda

Disk /dev/sda: 64 heads, 32 sectors, 4095 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 32 32767 16368 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sda2 32768 292863 130048 5 Extended
/dev/sda3 292864 8386559 4046848 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sda5 32800 260095 113648 82 Linux swap
/dev/sda6 260128 292863 16368 83 Linux native - test

# ------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/sdb

Disk /dev/sdb: 64 heads, 32 sectors, 4095 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 32 32767 16368 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sdb2 32768 292863 130048 5 Extended
/dev/sdb3 292864 8386559 4046848 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sdb5 32800 260095 113648 82 Linux swap
/dev/sdb6 260128 292863 16368 83 Linux native - test

# ------------------------

# fdisk -ul /dev/sdc

Disk /dev/sdc: 64 heads, 32 sectors, 4095 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdc2 32 292863 146416 5 Extended
/dev/sdc3 292864 8386559 4046848 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sdc5 64 260095 130016 83 Linux native - development
/dev/sdc6 260128 292863 16368 83 Linux native - test

# ------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/sdd

Disk /dev/sdd: 64 heads, 32 sectors, 4095 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdd2 32 292863 146416 5 Extended
/dev/sdd3 292864 8386559 4046848 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/sdd5 64 260095 130016 83 Linux native - development
/dev/sdd6 260128 292863 16368 83 Linux native - test

# --------------------------

# raidtab
#
raiddev /dev/md0
raid-level 5
nr-raid-disks 4
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 32

# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
device /dev/sda3
raid-disk 0
device /dev/sdb3
raid-disk 1
device /dev/sdc3
raid-disk 2
device /dev/sdd3
raid-disk 3

# boot partition
#
raiddev /dev/md1
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 32

# Spare disks for hot reconstruction
nr-spare-disks 0
device /dev/sda1
raid-disk 0
device /dev/sdb1
raid-disk 1

# --------------------------

# cat lilo.conf.sda
# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md0
# geometry
bios=0x80
sectors=32
heads=64
cylinders=4095
# dummy
partition=/dev/md1
# start of device "disk" above
start=32

boot=/dev/sda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

# ------------------------
# cat lilo.conf.sdb
# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md0
# geometry
bios=0x80
sectors=32
heads=64
cylinders=4095
# dummy
partition=/dev/md1
# start of device "disk" above
start=32

boot=/dev/sdb
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

image=/boot/bzImage
root=/dev/md0
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

 


7. Appendix C. - ide RAID10 with initrd

RAID1 over striped RAID0 pair.... the disks in the RAID0 sets are not quite the same size, but close enough.

 

/dev/md0 is the /boot partition and is autostarted by the kernel
/dev/md1 and /dev/md3 are the two RAID0 sets autostarted by the kernel
/dev/md2 is the root partition and is started by initrd

df
Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/md2 118531 76485 35925 68% /
/dev/md0 1917 1361 457 75% /boot

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hda

Disk /dev/hda: 4 heads, 46 sectors, 903 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 46 4231 2093 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hda2 4232 166151 80960 fd Linux raid autodetect

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdb

Disk /dev/hdb: 5 heads, 17 sectors, 981 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdb1 17 83384 41684 fd Linux raid autodetect

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdc

Disk /dev/hdc: 7 heads, 17 sectors, 1024 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdc1 17 84013 41998+ fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hdc2 84014 121855 18921 82 Linux swap

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdd

Disk /dev/hdd: 4 heads, 46 sectors, 903 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdd1 46 4231 2093 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hdd2 4232 166151 80960 fd Linux raid autodetect

# ----------------------------

# raidtab
#
raiddev /dev/md0
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/hda1
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdd1
raid-disk 1

raiddev /dev/md1
raid-level 0
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/hdd2
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdb1
raid-disk 1

raiddev /dev/md2
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/md1
raid-disk 0
device /dev/md3
raid-disk 1

raiddev /dev/md3
raid-level 0
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/hda2
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdc1
raid-disk 1

# ----------------------------

contents of linuxrc

cat linuxrc
#!/bin/sh
# ver 1.02 2-22-00
#
############# really BEGIN 'linuxrc' ###############
#
# mount the proc file system
/bin/mount /proc

# start raid 1 made of raid 0's
/bin/raidstart /dev/md2

# tell the console what's happening
/bin/cat /proc/mdstat

# Everything is fine, let the kernel mount /dev/md2
# tell the kernel to switch to /dev/md2 as the /root device
# The 0x900 value is the device number calculated by:
# 256*major_device_number + minor_device number
echo "/dev/md2 mounted on root"
echo 0x902>/proc/sys/kernel/real-root-dev

# umount /proc to deallocate initrd device ram space
/bin/umount /proc
exit

# ----------------------------

contents of initrd

./bin/ash
./bin/echo
./bin/raidstart
./bin/mount
./bin/umount
./bin/cat
./bin/sh
./dev/tty1
./dev/md0
./dev/md1
./dev/md2
./dev/md3
./dev/md4
./dev/console
./dev/hda
./dev/hda1
./dev/hda2
./dev/hda3
./dev/hdb
./dev/hdb1
./dev/hdb2
./dev/hdb3
./dev/hdc
./dev/hdc1
./dev/hdc2
./dev/hdc3
./dev/hdd
./dev/hdd1
./dev/hdd2
./dev/hdd3
./dev/initrd
./dev/ram0
./dev/ram1
./dev/ram2
./dev/ram3
./dev/ram4
./dev/ram5
./dev/ram6
./dev/ram7
./etc/raidtab
./etc/fstab
./lib/ld-2.1.2.so
./lib/ld-linux.so.1
./lib/ld-linux.so.1.9.9
./lib/ld-linux.so.2
./lib/ld.so
./lib/libc-2.1.2.so
./lib/libc.so.6
./linuxrc
./proc

8. Appendix D. - ide RAID1-10 with initrd

This is a system made up of an assortment of odds and ends. The root mounted raid device is comprised of a RAID1 made up of one RAID0 array from odd sized disks and a larger regular disk partition. Examination of the lilo.conf files may give you better insight into the reasoning behind the various parameters.

 

/dev/md0 is the /boot partition and is autostarted by the kernel
/dev/md1 is one half of the mirror set for md2, autostarted by kernel
/dev/hda3 is the other half of the mirror set for md2
/dev/md2 is the RAID1 /dev/md1 + /dev/hda3, started by initrd

df
Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/md2 138381 74421 56815 57% /
/dev/md0 2011 1360 549 71% /boot

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hda

Disk /dev/hda: 8 heads, 46 sectors, 903 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hda1 46 4415 2185 fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hda2 4416 43423 19504 82 Linux swap
/dev/hda3 43424 332303 144440 83 Linux native

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdc

Disk /dev/hdc: 8 heads, 39 sectors, 762 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdc1 39 4367 2164+ fd Linux raid autodetect
/dev/hdc2 4368 70199 32916 82 Linux swap
/dev/hdc3 70200 237743 83772 fd Linux raid autodetect

# ----------------------------

fdisk -ul /dev/hdd

Disk /dev/hdd: 4 heads, 39 sectors, 762 cylinders
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/hdd1 39 118871 59416+ fd Linux raid autodetect

# ----------------------------

# raidtab
#
raiddev /dev/md0
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/hdc1
raid-disk 1
device /dev/hda1
raid-disk 0

raiddev /dev/md1
raid-level 0
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/hdc3
raid-disk 0
device /dev/hdd1
raid-disk 1

raiddev /dev/md2
raid-level 1
nr-raid-disks 2
persistent-superblock 1
chunk-size 8
device /dev/md1
raid-disk 1
device /dev/hda3
raid-disk 0

# ----------------------------

cat linuxrc
#!/bin/sh
# ver 1.02 2-22-00
#
############# really BEGIN 'linuxrc' ###############
#
# mount the proc file system
/bin/mount /proc

# autostart /boot partition and raid0
/bin/raidstart /dev/md2

# tell the console what's happening
/bin/cat /proc/mdstat

# Everything is fine, let the kernel mount /dev/md2
# tell the kernel to switch to /dev/md2 as the /root device
# The 0x900 value is the device number calculated by:
# 256*major_device_number + minor_device number
echo "/dev/md2 mounted on root"
echo 0x902>/proc/sys/kernel/real-root-dev

# umount /proc to deallocate initrd device ram space
/bin/umount /proc
exit

# ----------------------------

contents of initrd.gz

./bin
./bin/ash
./bin/echo
./bin/raidstart
./bin/mount
./bin/umount
./bin/cat
./bin/sh
./dev/tty1
./dev/md0
./dev/md1
./dev/md2
./dev/md3
./dev/console
./dev/hda
./dev/hda1
./dev/hda2
./dev/hda3
./dev/hdc
./dev/hdc1
./dev/hdc2
./dev/hdc3
./dev/hdd
./dev/hdd1
./dev/hdd2
./dev/hdd3
./dev/initrd
./dev/ram0
./dev/ram1
./dev/ram2
./dev/ram3
./dev/ram4
./dev/ram5
./dev/ram6
./dev/ram7
./etc/raidtab
./etc/fstab
./lib/ld-2.1.2.so
./lib/ld-linux.so.1
./lib/ld-linux.so.1.9.9
./lib/ld-linux.so.2
./lib/ld.so
./lib/libc-2.1.2.so
./lib/libc.so.6
./linuxrc
./proc

# ----------------------------

cat lilo.conf.hda
# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md2
# geometry
bios=0x80
cylinders=903
heads=8
sectors=46
# geometry for 2nd disk
# bios will be the same because it will have to be moved to hda
# cylinders=762
# heads=8
# sectors=39

# dummy
partition=/dev/md0
# start of device "disk" above
start=46
# second device
# start=39

# seem to have some trouble with 2.2.14 recognizing the right IRQ
append = "ide1=0x170,0x376,12 ether=10,0x300,eth0 ether=5,0x320,eth1"

boot=/dev/hda
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

initrd=/boot/initrd.gz

image=/boot/zImage
root=/dev/md2
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

# ----------------------------

cat lilo.conf.hdc
# GLOBAL SECTION
# device containing /boot directory
disk=/dev/md2
# geometry
bios=0x80
# cylinders=903
# heads=8
# sectors=46
# geometry for 2nd disk
# bios will be the same because it will have to be moved to hda
cylinders=762
heads=8
sectors=39

# dummy
partition=/dev/md0
# start of device "disk" above
# start=46
# second device
start=39

# seem to have some trouble with 2.2.14 recognizing the right IRQ
append = "ide1=0x170,0x376,12 ether=10,0x300,eth0 ether=5,0x320,eth1"

boot=/dev/hdc
map=/boot/map
install=/boot/boot.b

initrd=/boot/initrd.gz

image=/boot/zImage
root=/dev/md2
label=LinuxRaid
read-only

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sun, 08 Nov 2009 20:48:52 +0000
Exemplo lilo.conf http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=283:exemplo-liloconf&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=283:exemplo-liloconf&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Segue abaixo.

link:  http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/etc/lilo.conf-jeffestanislau

 

# OBSERVAÇÃO IMPORTANTE

# Este arquivo se encontra em /etc/lilo.conf
# As configurações abaixo foram feitas para um PC com dual boot
# Este HD possui as partições C e D para Windows
# E as partições /, Swap e /home para linux
# Verificar o arquivo e descomentar ou comente as linhas para lhe ajudar a configurar o seu
# dual boot com o Windows e outros sistemas operacionais.
# Depois de terminar as alterações, basta salvar o arquivo e fechar esta janela.


# RESOLUÇÃO do VÍDEO

# Aqui vai o código que determina a resolução do vídeo, caso o Linux tenha configurado seu vídeo usando
# frame buffer (ou caso você tenha usado as opções fb800x600 ou fb1024x768 na tela de boot)

# O default desta opção é "vga=791", que fará o sistema usar resolução de 1024x768. Se é isso mesmo
# que você quer utilizar então já está tudo ok, mas...

# Se você quer usar resolução de 800x600, mude a opção para: vga=788
# Se você quer usar resolução de 640x480, mude a opção para: vga=785
# Se a sua placa de vídeo não suporta frame-buffer e você quer de volta a velha tela de texto padrão,
# mude a opção para: vga=normal

vga=788

# OBS: Se você tem uma placa GeForce 4 ou GeForce 4 MX, mude esta opção para "788"


prompt
default=Linux

# Tempo de espera antes de entrar no sistema padrão, em décimos de segundo (o padrão é 10 segundos)
# O valor máximo é 30000 (3.000 segundos), não use um número maior que isto:

timeout=100


# Aqui vão os parâmetros do Kernel. Você pode ativar a rodinha do mouse incluindo a opção "wheelmouse"
# A linha ficará assim: append = "wheelmouse hda=scsi hdb=scsi etc..

append = "hda=scsi hdb=scsi hdc=scsi hdd=scsi hde=scsi hdf=scsi hdg=scsi hdh=scsi apm=power-off nomce noapic"


# Define a chamada do boot Linux na partição Raiz "/" em /dev/hda7
image=/boot/vmlinuz-2.4.22-xfs
label=Linux
root=/dev/hda7
read-only
initrd=/boot/initrd.gz


# As linhas abaixo habilitam o memtest86. Este programa faz um teste extensivo
# na memória RAM, identificando defeitos que possam comprometer a estabilidade
# do micro. É aconselhável rodar o teste completo (demora várias horas, deixe
# para deixar o micro rodando quando for dormir) depois de instalar o Kurumin.

image=/boot/memtest86.bin
label=memtest86
root=/dev/hda7
read-only


# HABILITAR OPÇÃO DE INICIALIZAR WINDOWS INSTALADO NO C:# Remova o comantário (#) das linhas
# abaixo para adicionar a opção de dar boot através de uma instalação do Windows instalada no drive C:#

other=/dev/hda1
label=Windows


# HABILITAR OPÇÃO DE INICIALIZAR WINDOWS INSTALADO NO D:
#other=/dev/hda5
#label=Windows2

# HABILITAR OPÇÃO DE INICIALIZAR SISTEMAS INSTALADOS EM OUTRAS PARTIÇÕES
# Remova os comantários das linhas abaixo para ativar a opção de inicializar sistemas
# instalados em outras partições do HD. Você pode alterar o texto da opção "label" que
# é o nome da opção que aparece no menu de boot.
# Uma observação importante: Os nomes não podem ter mais de 14 caracteres e não podem
# conter espaços ou caracteres especiais. Isto é importante, pois ao adicionar um nome
# inválido aqui o lilo não será corretamente instalado e seu micro pode não dar boot
# após a instalação.
# Obs: Nas linhas -> label=hdax você pode substituir o hdax pelo nome que deseja que seja apresentado
# na tela de inicalização do lilo

other=/dev/hda2
#label=hda2

#other=/dev/hda3
#label=hda3

#other=/dev/hda4
#label=hda4

#other=/dev/hda6
#label=hda6

#other=/dev/hda7
#label=hda7


# WINDOWS INSTALADO NO SEGUNDO HD:
# Esta é uma opção especial que permite que você inicialize uma instalação do
# Windows no segundo HD (instalado como slave do primeiro, onde está o Kurumin).
# Ela faz o Windows pensar que está sendo inicializado do primeiro HD :-)
# Descomente todas as sete linhas abaixo, altere o "hdb1" por "hdc1" ou "hdd1"
# caso o HD esteja instalado na segunda IDE. Lembre-se:
# Primeira IDE : Master = hda / Slave = hdb
# Segunda IDE : Master = hdc / Slave = hdd

#other=/dev/hdb1
#label=Windows3
#table=/dev/hdb
#map-drive = 0x80
#to = 0x81
#map-drive = 0x81
#to = 0x80


# Parabéns, você acaba de aprender que configurar o lilo não é tão difícil quando parace :)

#Agora salve este arquivo e digite o comando lilo -v, para atualizar as novas definiçcões do lilo.

# Lilo.Conf originário do Kurumim 2.10 e reeditado por
# Jefferson Estanislau da Silva

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sun, 08 Nov 2009 20:35:12 +0000
HOWTO multi-boot using Windows NTLDR http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=282:howto-multi-boot-using-windows-ntldr&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=282:howto-multi-boot-using-windows-ntldr&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 LInk: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=208951

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sun, 08 Nov 2009 19:44:43 +0000
Device já montado ou em uso http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=281:device-ja-montado-ou-em-uso&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=281:device-ja-montado-ou-em-uso&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 Antes de instalar o usplash no Karmic, não tinha nenhuma indicação de que os discos estavam sendo checados durante o boot do ubuntu karmic. Assim, pensando que o sistema estava travado, forçava de alguma forma para que o sistema se iniciasse. O que aconteceu é que comecei a ter a seguinte mensagem: que a partição já estava montada ou em uso.

Tentei o comando:

sudo mount -a

A mesma mensagem e a partição não montava.

O comando abaixo resolveu:

sudo fuser -k /dev/md2

Mas depois tive que checar o disco maualmente:

sudo fsck

E esperar o teste por completo.

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Sat, 07 Nov 2009 10:42:57 +0000
Madwifi no Ubuntu Karmic http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=280:madwifi-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=280:madwifi-no-ubuntu-karmic&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?p=8255018

Comandos:

sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev
sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`
sudo apt-get install subversion
sudo -i
sudo svn checkout http://svn.madwifi-project.org/madwifi/trunk/ madwifi-ng
cd madwifi-ng
echo "" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
echo "#Remove To Install MadWIFI Drivers" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
echo "blacklist ath9k" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist
make && make install
echo ath_pci >> /etc/modules

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Fri, 06 Nov 2009 23:58:18 +0000
Login Screen Karmic Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=279:login-screen-karmic-ubuntu&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=279:login-screen-karmic-ubuntu&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Link de como alterá-la:

http://www.ubuntumini.com/2009/09/hack-karmics-gdm-login-screen.html

http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1300171

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Fri, 06 Nov 2009 11:25:00 +0000
Unificar vários arquivos pdf em apenas 1 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=278:unificar-varios-arquivos-pdf-em-apenas-1&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=278:unificar-varios-arquivos-pdf-em-apenas-1&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 Instale o programa:
sudo apt-get install pdfjam

Depois vá até a pasta com os arquivos pelo terminal.

Por exemplo com os arquivos abaixo:
diario 26102009.pdf
diario 27102009.pdf 
diario 28102009.pdf 
diario 29102009.pdf 
diario 30102009.pdf 
diario 31102009.pdf 

Utilize o comando
pdfjoin diario*.pdf --fitpaper false --paper a4paper --outfile diario.pdf

Para criar um arquivo único chamado:
diario.pdf

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Thu, 05 Nov 2009 12:41:11 +0000
Instalando Impressora HP sem arquivo da HP http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=277:instalando-impressora-hp-sem-arquivo-da-hp&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=277:instalando-impressora-hp-sem-arquivo-da-hp&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 Instale os programas necessários:

sudo apt-get install hplip hplip-cups hplip-gui hpijs-ppds

Comando para configurar impressora:

hp-setup

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Impresões e Impressoras Thu, 05 Nov 2009 12:15:02 +0000
PPA no Karmic http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=276:ppa-no-karmic&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=276:ppa-no-karmic&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 link: http://meupinguim.com/adicionar-repositorio-ppa-karmic-ubuntu/

Como Adicionar Repositório PPA no Ubuntu Karmic

Se liga pessoal! Essa é uma dica muito boa para o Ubuntu Karmic. Se você precisar adicionar um repositório PPA (Personal Package Archives) no Karmic, não precisa mais abrir o /etc/apt/sources.list. Nessa nova versão, o Ubuntu vem com uma novidade já que era muito chato mesmo ter de fazer isso toda hora pra cada repositório que você vai adicionar. Abrir o /etc/apt/sources.list e adicionar lá a linha, baixar as chaves de autenticação, e blah! Seus problemas acabaram.Use o novo comando add-apt-repository. Com ele você vai poder adicionar o repositório PPA que contém o pacote que você quer e adicionar a chave GPG também. Vou te dar um exemplo de como funciona a coisa e veja como é fácil pegar um pacote no Karmic.

Exemplo

Suponha que você quer baixar o browser Chromium. Acesse a lista de repositórios PPA nesse endereço: https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+ppas . Procure pelo pacote que você quer. No caso o Chromium. E você achará o repositório oficial do Chromium com o endereço https://launchpad.net/~chromium-daily/+archive/ppa. Agora digite no terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chromium-daily

Percebe a correspondência na cor vermelha?! Feito isso, já está adicionado o repositório e a chave GPG.

Outro exemplo

Quero o Deluge, cliente torrent muito bom para Linux. Procuro por ‘Deluge’ aqui e vou achar o repositório oficial com o endereço https://launchpad.net/~deluge-team/+archive/ppa. Vou no terminal e digito:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deluge-team

Pronto! Agora é só mandar instalar o Deluge.

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Mon, 02 Nov 2009 01:41:16 +0000
Recommend app to extract mpg from dvd http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=275:recommend-app-to-extract-mpg-from-dvd&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=275:recommend-app-to-extract-mpg-from-dvd&catid=57:ferramentas-multimidias&Itemid=100 Procurando extrai um video do DVD encontrei este site: http://ubuntuforums.org/archive/index.php/t-463107.html

Eles comentam de um site com várias indicações de aplicativos multimidias: http://linuxappfinder.com/multimedia

E tb sobre um comando para copiar faixas de dvd (que não testei), link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=56617

mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile movie.mpg dvd://1

 

se quiser copiar o título 6 utilize o comando da seguinte forma:

mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile movie6.mpg dvd://6

 

se quiser trazer só o capítulo 3 e 4 acrescente as opções de chapter:

mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile movie6_3.mpg dvd://6 -chapter 3-4

 

se quiser trazer somente a faixa de audio em inglês acrescente a opção aid:

mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile movie6_3.mpg dvd://6 -chapter 3-4 -aid 129

 

Coloque a opção verbose -v para saber quais os aid's disponíveis

mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile movie6_3.mpg dvd://6 -chapter 3-3 -v

 

 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas Multimídias Sat, 17 Oct 2009 14:28:43 +0000
Troca de Acesso da Pasta 2 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=272:troca-de-acesso-da-pasta-2&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=272:troca-de-acesso-da-pasta-2&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 Um comando que sempre preciso lembrar como é: alterar o proprietário e o acesso de pastas recursivamente.

Para alterar o proprietário e grupo de uma pasta recursivamente:
sudo bash
chown -vhR root:users /srv/shareddocs
chown -vhR root:users /srv/samba/Lixeira
chown -vhR root:users /srv/public

Um conteúdo adulto pode ser restrito para um usuário apenas, por exemplo:
sudo bash
chown -vhR root:aarvati /srv/shareddocs/Pictures/Sexo
chown -vhR root:aarvati /srv/shareddocs/Video/Sexo

Alterar a permissão de acesso de uma pasta recursivamente, por exemplo a estrutura de pastas abaixo terá suas configurações alteradas:
sudo bash
chmod -cR 770 /srv/backup
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Example
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Machines
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Music
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Pictures
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Softs
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/Video
chmod -cR 770 /srv/shareddocs/WebSites
chmod -cR 777 /srv/public
chmod -cR 770 /srv/samba/Lixeira

Os números representam a permissão do proprietério, do grupo e de outros respectivamente.
A permissão de acesso é feita somando-se os números 4 para leitura, 2 para escrita e 1 para execução. Assim o número 7 = (4+2+1), significa acesso total de leitura, gravação e execução.

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Tue, 13 Oct 2009 21:57:07 +0000
Instalar Opera Web Browser no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=271:instalar-opera-web-browser-no-ubuntu&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=271:instalar-opera-web-browser-no-ubuntu&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Acesse a área de downloads do Opera em: http://www.opera.com/download/index.dml?platform=linux

Depois execute os comandos:

sudo dpkg -i opera_10.00.4585.gcc4.qt3_amd64.deb

 

Pronto !!!

Fonte:

http://www.ubuntugeek.com/install-opera-web-browser-in-ubuntu.html

 

Existe opção de instalar com o apt do ubuntu:

Atualize o surce.list com a linha abaixo:

deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ stable non-free

Chave:

wget -O - http://deb.opera.com/archive.key | sudo apt-key add -
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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Tue, 22 Sep 2009 16:29:39 +0000
Retirando opção de startup do linux http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=270:retirando-opcao-de-startup-do-linux&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=270:retirando-opcao-de-startup-do-linux&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 Em um post recent (link: http://www.corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=252) utilizei o comando abaixo para incluir um script na inicialização automática:

 sudo update-rc.d soffice-daemon defaults

Para retirá-lo utilize o comando:

  sudo update-rc.d -f soffice-daemon remove

 

Por exemplo para o ambiente gráfico gdm:

 sudo update-rc.d -f gdm remove

 sudo update-rc.d gdm defaults

 

Ou para o Squid:

 sudo update-rc.d -f squid remove

 sudo update-rc.d squid defaults

 

 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Fri, 11 Sep 2009 20:21:48 +0000
Sincronizar Pocketpc wm5 com Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=269:sincronizar-pocketpc-wm5-com-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=269:sincronizar-pocketpc-wm5-com-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=30936
http://www.synce.org/moin/SynceInstallation/Ubuntu/ModernDevice


Preparação

Primeiro inclua o pacote synce em sources.list
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/synce/ubuntu jaunty main
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/synce/ubuntu jaunty main

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net 7D2C7A23BF810CD5
sudo apt-get update

Instalação

sudo apt-get install synce-hal librra-tools librapi2-tools

Testando

synce-pls

Conectando com o Pocketpc

O comando "dmesg" pode ser utilizado para ver se após o Pocketpc conectado o Linux encontra o mesmo.
usb 4-2: new full speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 3
ipaq 4-2:1.0: PocketPC PDA converter detected
usb 4-2: PocketPC PDA converter now attached to ttyUSB0

O comando "cat /proc/bus/usb/devices" também pode ser utilizado.
T:  Bus=04 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=01 Cnt=01 Dev#=  4 Spd=12  MxCh= 0
D:  Ver= 1.01 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=ff Prot=ff MxPS=16 #Cfgs=  1
P:  Vendor=413c ProdID=4002 Rev= 0.00
C:* #Ifs= 1 Cfg#= 1 Atr=c0 MxPwr=  2mA
I:  If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=ff(vend.) Sub=ff Prot=ff Driver=ipaq
E:  Ad=81(I) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS=  64 Ivl=0ms
E:  Ad=02(O) Atr=02(Bulk) MxPS=  64 Ivl=0ms


Instalando pacotes necessários para sincronização com Evolution

sudo apt-get install multisync-tools opensync-plugin-synce synce-sync-engine
sudo apt-get install opensync-plugin-evolution

Criando Parceria com o PocketPc

Como somente duas parcerias são permitidas veja quantas tem atualmente no aparelho
synce-list-partnerships

Se necessário pode-sse apagar uma delas: synce-delete-partnership

Criar uma parceria é com o comando abaixo como exemplo:
synce-create-partnership "Linux desktop" "Contacts,Calendar"

"Linux desktop" = pode ter um máximo de 20 caracteres
"Contacts,Calendar" = pode ser um dos itens abaixo:
# Contacts
# Calendar
# Tasks
# Files

Configurando a sincronização

Liste os plugins disponíveis:
msynctool --listplugins

Você precisará do plugin synce-opensync-plugin (o plugin synce-plugin é para pocketpc antigos wm2003)

O sync group pode ser criado por:
msynctool --addgroup synce-sync
msynctool --addmember synce-sync synce-opensync-plugin

Adicionar o plugin ao evolution:
msynctool --addmember synce-sync evo2-sync

Executando a sincronização

msynctool --sync synce-sync

Synce-gnome

Server para ter mensagem de conexão e desconexão de um pocketpc noo ubuntu.

Instalando: sudo apt-get install python-setuptools

Executando: synce-gnome
Exectando em background: synce-gnome &

Se der erro pode ser necessário instar: notification-daemon

Compartilhando rede

Execute o comando abaixo
sync-engine

No ubuntu recomendar utilizar o comando:
synce-sync-engine

Se der erro de config.xml baise o mmesmo do link abaixo e salve em: ~/.synce/config.xml
http://synce.svn.sf.net/svnroot/synce/releases/0.11.1/sync-engine/config/config.xml

É neste arquivo que se configura e corrige erros de fuso horário:
No arquivo "config.xml" procure por "AppendDefaultTimesone" e coloque o valor para "1" por exemplo.
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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Sun, 23 Aug 2009 15:35:19 +0000
Impressora PDF do Samba no Windows http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=268:impressora-pdf-do-samba-no-windows&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=268:impressora-pdf-do-samba-no-windows&catid=74:impresoes-e-impressoras&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/artigo/Gerando-arquivos-PDF-atraves-do-SAMBA?pagina=3

Executando a configuração - Windows
Nas estações Windows, vá até o Painel de Controle / Impressoras e adicione uma impressora "da rede", onde a impressora a ser utilizada é aquela que criamos no SAMBA.

Em seguida o Windows mostrará uma caixa de diálogo dizendo que o servidor não possui drivers para a impressora, simplesmente ignore.

Para finalizar escolha uma impressora POSTSCRIPT, qualquer das impressoras disponíveis de qualquer fabricante.

IMPORTANTE: A IMPRESSORA ESCOLHIDA TEM DE SER POSTSCRIPT.

No exemplo escolhi "HP Laserjet 4P/4MP Postscript".

Configure os demais detalhes da impressora normalmente.

 

Observações:
faltou só um detalhe:
printing = bsd
nas opcoes globais do samba, senão nao funfa!

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Impresões e Impressoras Fri, 07 Aug 2009 15:55:32 +0000
Problemas com NVIDIA e Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=267:problemas-com-nvidia-e-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=267:problemas-com-nvidia-e-ubuntu&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Quando para de funcionar as vezes devemos recorrer a soluções como esta do Link: http://gutocarvalho.net/wordpress/archives/1096

 

A solução foi instalar o driver 185 disponível no repositório PPA mantido pelo grupo NVIDIA-VDAU.

edite o arquivo /etc/apt/sources.list e adicione a linha abaixo

deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/nvidia-vdpau/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main

depois adicione a chave

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com CEC0676

aptitude update
aptitude install nvidia-glx-185

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Fri, 07 Aug 2009 14:54:43 +0000
Ubuntu sem X Server ao iniciar http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=266:ubuntu-sem-x-server-ao-iniciar&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=266:ubuntu-sem-x-server-ao-iniciar&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Para iniciar o ubuntu sem X server pode-se alterar esta configuração com o comando:

sudo update-rc.d -f gdm remove

Depois para voltar a iniciar com X temos o comando:

sudo update-rc.d gdm defaults

 

Depois de logado com o comando abaixo inicia-se a tela gráfica:

startx 

 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Fri, 07 Aug 2009 14:17:41 +0000
Configurações e Instalações Interessantes http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=139:configuracoes-e-instalacoes-interessantes&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=139:configuracoes-e-instalacoes-interessantes&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100
Configurações e Instalações Interessantes no site :

http://www.ubuntu.rohraff.org]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Mon, 20 Jul 2009 03:05:46 +0000
Portas Abertas e escutando no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=265:portas-abertas-e-escutando-no-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=265:portas-abertas-e-escutando-no-ubuntu&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100  
Comando para verificar as  Portas Abertas e escutando no Ubuntu:
sudo netstat -nlt
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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sat, 18 Jul 2009 14:58:59 +0000
Proxy com o Squid http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=264:proxy-com-o-squid&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=264:proxy-com-o-squid&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Link 1: http://www.squid-cache.org/

Link 2: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squid

 Link 3: http://www.guravehaato.info/geek-life/instalando-e-configurando-um-servidor-proxy-com-o-ubuntu-server-em-menos-de-duas-horas/

Link 4: http://ubuntuforum-br.org/index.php?topic=41765.0

Link 5: http://wiki.ubuntu-br.org/Squid

Link 6: http://sergioreoli.wordpress.com/2006/09/23/squid-no-ubuntu/

Outros:

http://www.gdhpress.com.br/servidores/leia/index.php?p=cap2-8
http://virtual01.lncc.br/~licht/linux/squid.html
http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/artigo/Servidor-proxy-(Squid)/

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Sat, 18 Jul 2009 13:32:54 +0000
Sincronizar diretórios com o Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=263:sincronizar-diretorios-com-o-ubuntu&catid=60:compartilhamento-de-arquivos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=263:sincronizar-diretorios-com-o-ubuntu&catid=60:compartilhamento-de-arquivos&Itemid=100  

Estou analisando duas ferramentas:

grsync (ou rsync em modo texto) para sincronização unidirecional e

gtk-unison para sincronização bidirecional.

 

Links: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=478037

Unisol: http://www.micahcarrick.com/11-07-2007/unison-synchronize-ubuntu.html

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Compartilhamento de Arquivos Sat, 18 Jul 2009 13:19:55 +0000
Icones hydroxygen iconset by ~deviantdark http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=262:icones-hydroxygen-iconset-by-deviantdark&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=262:icones-hydroxygen-iconset-by-deviantdark&catid=53:outros&Itemid=100 http://deviantdark.deviantart.com/art/hydroxygen-iconset-100826865]]> aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Outros Thu, 16 Jul 2009 15:05:15 +0000 Obter o source Kernel para compilar driver nvidia http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=261:obter-o-source-kernel-para-compilar-driver-nvidia&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=261:obter-o-source-kernel-para-compilar-driver-nvidia&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 link:https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Kernel/Compile

 

Get the kernel source

There are a few ways to obtain the Ubuntu kernel source:

  1. Use git (detailed instructions on it can be found in the Kernel Git Guide) - This is for users who always want to stay in sync with the latest Ubuntu kernel source.

  2. Download the source archive - This is for users who want to rebuild the standard Ubuntu packages with additional patches. Note that this will almost always be out of date compared to the latest development source, so you should use git (option #1) if you need the latest patches. To install the build dependencies and extract the source (to the current directory):
    sudo apt-get build-dep linux-source
    apt-get source linux-source

    Starting from Hardy (8.04) this has changed to:

    sudo apt-get build-dep linux-image-$(uname -r)
    apt-get source linux-image-$(uname -r)
    Ubuntu modules source may also be needed if you plan to enable PAE and 64GB support in the kernel for 32bit Hardy (8.04). The Ubuntu supplied modules may not be compatible with PAE enabled kernel.
    sudo apt-get build-dep linux-ubuntu-modules-$(uname -r)
    apt-get source linux-ubuntu-modules-$(uname -r)
  3. Download the source package (detailed instructions are further down this page under Alternate Build Method: The Old-Fashioned Debian Way) - This is for users who simply want to modify, or play around with, the Ubuntu-patched kernel source. Again, this will not be the most up-to-date (use option #1/git if you need the latest source). Please be aware this is NOT the same as option #2

 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Mon, 13 Jul 2009 23:05:52 +0000
Ubuntu-Desktop-Minimal - Instalando um desktop no ubuntu server minimal http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=260:ubuntu-desktop-minimal-instalando-um-desktop-no-ubuntu-server-minimal&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=260:ubuntu-desktop-minimal-instalando-um-desktop-no-ubuntu-server-minimal&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1155961

 sudo apt-get -y install xorg gnome-core gdm  x11-xserver-utils  gnome-utils
sudo apt-get -y install  firefox ubufox menu
sudo apt-get install linux-restricted-modules-serve gdebi-core menu-xdg

sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools

 

Opcionais:

sudo apt-get -y install fast-user-switch-applet network-manager-gnome human-theme tangerine-icon-theme gnome-themes-ubuntu ubuntu-artwork jockey-gtk gnome-screensaver

Outros Links:

debian minimal desktop installation
http://wiki.dennyhalim.com/debian-mi...p-installation

InstallationLowMemorySystems
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/In...wMemorySystems

Minimal Xubuntu 9.04
http://distrowatch.com/weekly.php?is...090504#feature

 

As essential applications:

sudo aptitude -y install gnome-core gdm network-manager-gnome fast-user-switch-applet human-theme x11-xserver-utils tangerine-icon-theme jockey-gtk gnome-utils

  • system-config-samba (GUI for SMB configuration, also installs samba)
  • gnome-nettool (GUI for several network tools such as ping etc.)
  • ntfsprogs (tools for unproblematic use of NTFS file systems)
  • vino (VNC server instead of tsclient as a VNC client)
  • update-manager (addition to Synaptic for Ubuntu updates)
  • gdebi (simple GUI tool for installing .deb files)
  • system-config-printer-gnome (graphical configuration for CUPS, for HP printer also install hplib)
  • brasero (GUI for burning DVDs/CDs)
  • gparted (graphical partition manager)
  • epiphany (as mentioned by TheShiv)
  • language-pack-gnome-XX and language-pack-gnome-XX-base (with XX representing your local language, e.g. de)

 

Outros pacotes interessantes:

link: http://www.psychocats.net/ubuntu/minimal

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xorg xterm gdm icewm menu firefox gksu synaptic
sudo /etc/init.d/gdm start

sudo apt-get install xorg xterm wdm icewm menu dillo
sudo /etc/init.d/wdm start

 

Link: http://wiki.dennyhalim.com/ubuntu-minimal-desktop

FLUX

sudo aptitude -y install xserver-xorg-core xinit menu menu-xdg jwm fluxbox alsa-utils mrxvt gdebi-core synaptic logrotate localepurge
KDE
#$  sudo aptitude install jwm
#$ sudo aptitude install fluxbox
#$ sudo aptitude install fvwm-crystal
#$ sudo aptitude install icewm icemc wmctrl
#$ sudo aptitude install --without-recommends lxde-core
#$ sudo aptitude install --without-recommends lxde
#$ sudo aptitude install xfce4
#$ sudo aptitude install gnome-core
#$ sudo aptitude install kde-core
#$ sudo aptitude install kde4-core
 
 
 

 

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aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Mon, 13 Jul 2009 12:15:48 +0000
Instalando o Grub GFXBoot http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=259:instalando-o-grub-gfxboot&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=259:instalando-o-grub-gfxboot&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100  

Link: http://www.guiadohardware.net/dicas/instalando-grub-gfxboot.html

Download em: http://download.gna.org/grub4dos/

Por exemplo: wget http://download.gna.org/grub4dos/grub4dos-0.4.4-2009-06-20.zip

apt-get remove grub

dpkg -i grub-gfxboot_0.97-42_amd64.deb

grub

device (hd0) /dev/mapper/nvidia_eicecbjd

find /boot/grub/stage1

root (hd0,0)

setup (hd0)

quit

Exemplo de menu.lst

 # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
#            grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
#            grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
#            and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.
 
## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default        0
fallback      1

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout     10
 
## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu
 
# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue
 
## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line)  and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
## password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret
 
#
# examples
#
# title        Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root        (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader    +1
#
# title        Linux
# root        (hd0,1)
# kernel    /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#
 
#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
 
### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
##      kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
##      kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=25c3fdae-db04-4b9a-a62a-9d275318b326 ro

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=(hd0,0)

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
##      alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
##      lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
##      lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
##      altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
##      howmany=7
# howmany=all

## specify if running in Xen domU or have grub detect automatically
## update-grub will ignore non-xen kernels when running in domU and vice versa
## e.g. indomU=detect
##      indomU=true
##      indomU=false
# indomU=detect

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
##      memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

title           Ubuntu RAID (hd0)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /vmlinuz root=UUID=25c3fdae-db04-4b9a-a62a-9d275318b326 ro
initrd /initrd.img


title        Ubuntu memtest86+
root        (hd0,0)
kernel        /boot/memtest86+.bin
quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Mon, 13 Jul 2009 03:34:38 +0000
Problemas para instalar RAID5 em um servidor AMD64 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=258:problemas-para-instalar-raid5-em-um-servidor-amd64&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=258:problemas-para-instalar-raid5-em-um-servidor-amd64&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100  

Melhor mesmo é seguir os passos do tutorial em : https://help.ubuntu.com/community/FakeRaidHowto

Instalação ocorreu sem problemas mas impossível de fazer boot.

Acessar o sistema com um Live CD e depois:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mdadm
sudo mdadm --assemble --scan
cat /proc/mdstat

e aguarde o resync, se necessário.

sudo mkdir /target
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/md0 /target
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/md1 /target/home (opcional)
sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/md2 /target/boot (opcional)
sudo mount --bind /dev /target/dev
sudo mount -t proc proc /target/proc
sudo mount -t sysfs sysfs /target/sys
sudo chroot /target
apt-get update

Para ajudar a listar as partições e discos, seguem alguns comandos úteis:

fdisk -l
ls /dev/disk/by-uuid -alh
ls /dev/disk/by-id -lah
ls /dev/disk/by-label -lah

Resolver o problema com o Grub:

Ajuste o Grub /mnt/raid/boot/grub/menu.lst

[...]
default 0
fallback 1
[...]
# kopt=root=/dev/md0 ro
[...]
title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic
root (hd0,3)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=/dev/md0 ro$
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic
title Ubuntu 9.04, kernel 2.6.28-11-generic (reco$
root (hd0,3)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.28-11-generic root=/dev/md0 ro$
initrd /initrd.img-2.6.28-11-generic
title Ubuntu 9.04, memtest86+
root (hd0,3)
kernel /memtest86+.bin

Ajustando Instalação do Grub nos discos.

grub
root (hd0,3) ----- sda4 é a partição /boot
setup (hd0)
root (hd1,3) ----- sdb4 é a partição /boot
setup (hd1)
root (hd2,3) ----- sdc4 seria a partição /boot mas dará erro pois é um disco reserva do RAID1
setup (hd2)
quit

Resolver o problema com o lilo:

apt-get install dmraid 
sudo update-initramfs -u
lilo -H

Reinicie o sistema sem o LiveCD

sudo shutdown -r now 

Atenção: Boot só com RAID1; o RAID5 não dá boot direto dele.

No Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=678030

Tem outra dica:

sudo mdadm --assemble /dev/md0 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
sudo mdadm --detail --scan | sudo tee -a /etc/mdadm.conf

That should be all you need (and then add the line to your fstab of course). If it complains about /dev/md0 not existing, do a

cd /dev && sudo MAKEDEV md

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Sun, 12 Jul 2009 01:42:58 +0000
Fazer USB de Instalação http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=257:fazer-usb-de-instalacao&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=257:fazer-usb-de-instalacao&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 com o programa abaixo é muito fácil, basta ter um USB com o tamanho necessário.

sudo apt-get install usb-creator

 

Link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sat, 11 Jul 2009 23:40:06 +0000
MD5SUM muito fácil http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=256:md5sum-muito-facil&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=256:md5sum-muito-facil&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Nunca tinha usado o md5sum para testar uma imagem de CD, quando usei vi que é muito fácil e util para só queimar o CD se a imagem estiver sem falhas.

 Link: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowToMD5SUM

MD5SUM on Linux

Most Linux distributions come with the md5sum utility so installation is usually unnecessary. We are going to use the Ubuntu 8.10 LiveCD for the following example:

First go to the correct directory to check a downloaded iso file:

  • cd download_directory

Then run the following command from within the download directory.

  • md5sum ubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso

The md5sum should print out a single line after calculating the hash:

  • 24ea1163ea6c9f5dae77de8c49ee7c03 ubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sat, 11 Jul 2009 23:39:57 +0000
Mudar /home para sua própria partição http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=255:mudar-home-para-sua-propria-particao&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=255:mudar-home-para-sua-propria-particao&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 Link: http://embraceubuntu.com/2006/01/29/move-home-to-its-own-partition/

Having the “/home” directory tree on it’s own partition has several advantages, the biggest perhaps being that you can reinstall the OS (or even a different distro of Linux) without losing all your data. You can do this by keeping the /home partition unchanged and reinstalling the OS which goes in the “/” (root) directory, which can be on a seperate partition.

But you, like me, did not know this when you first installed Ubuntu, and have not created a new partition for “/home” when you first installed Ubuntu. Despair not, it is really simple to move “/home” to its own partition.

First, create a partition of sufficient size for your “/home” directory. You may have to use that new hard drive, or adjust/resize the existing partition on your current hard-drive to do this. Let me skip those details.

Next, mount the new partition:
$mkdir /mnt/newhome
$sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/hda5 /mnt/newhome
(You have to change the “hda5″ in the above to the correct partition label for the new partition. Also, the above assumes that the new partition you created is formatted as an ext3 partition. Change the “ext3″ to whatever filesystem the drive is formatted to.)

Now, Copy files over:
Since the “/home” directory will have hardlinks, softlinks, files and nested directories, a regular copy (cp) may not do the job completely. Therefore, we use something we learn from the Debian archiving guide:
$cd /home/
$find . -depth -print0 | cpio --null --sparse -pvd /mnt/newhome/
$find . -depth -print0 | cpio -–null -–sparse –-preserve-modification-time -pvd /mnt/newhome

Make sure everything copied over correctly. You might have to do some tweaking and honing to make sure you get it all right, just in case.

Next, unmount the new partition:
$sudo umount /mnt/newhome

Make way for the new “home”
$sudo mv /home /old_home

Since we moved /home to /old_home, there is no longer a /home directory. So first we should recreate a new /home by:
sudo mkdir /home

Mount the new home:
$sudo mount /dev/hda5 /home
(Again, you have to change “hda5″ to whatever the new partition’s label is.)

Cursorily verify that everything works right.

Now, you have to tell Ubuntu to mount your new home when you boot. Add a line to the “/etc/fstab” file that looks like the following:

/dev/hda5 /home ext3 nodev,nosuid 0 2
(Here, change the partition label “hda5″ to the label of the new partition, and you may have to change “ext3″ to whatever filesystem you chose for your new “home”)

Once all this is done, and everything works fine, you can delete the “/old_home” directory by using:
$sudo rm -r /old_home

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Sun, 05 Jul 2009 11:10:50 +0000
Resolução de Tela Ubuntu 8.04 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=254:resolucao-de-tela-ubuntu-804&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=254:resolucao-de-tela-ubuntu-804&catid=75:configuracao-de-hardware&Itemid=100 Como é difícil configurar .....

Ver as dicas dos links abaixo:

http://crunchbanglinux.org/forums/topic/398/cant-set-screen-resolution/

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/X/Config/Resolution

 

Comandos que aparecem nestes tutoriais:

displayconfig-gtk (melhor comando precisa depois só dar um pequeno ajuste no xorg.conf para definir a resolução de logon)

xrandr

cvt

xfix

gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

 

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Hardware Tue, 30 Jun 2009 03:08:11 +0000
Comandos e Arquivos para configurar Postfix+Dovecot+Drupal+Amavis http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=253:comandos-e-arquivos-para-configurar-postfixdovecotedrupalamavis&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=253:comandos-e-arquivos-para-configurar-postfixdovecotedrupalamavis&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 Este passo a passo esta sem muitos comentários, mas informações adicionais estão no link http://www.howtoforge.com/drupal-plus-postfix-integration-under-ubuntu-8.04

sudo -i

Alguns pacotes que podem ser necessários (não verifiquei necessidade ainda):

amavisd-new apache2 build-essential cabextract clamav-daemon debhelper dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d dpatch elinks fakeroot libcdb-dev libclass-dbi-mysql-perl phpmyadmin libapache2-mod-php5 libdb-dev libgdbm-dev libldap2-dev libmysqlclient15-dev libpam-mysql libpam-smbpass libpcre3-dev libpq-dev libsasl2-2 libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-sql libsasl2-dev libssl-dev mutt mysql-server nomarch openssl pax php5 php5-dev php5-mysql php-pear postfix postfix-doc postfix-mysql sasl2-bin spamassassin squirrelmail squirrelmail-decode vim vim-runtime

cd /usr/src
apt-get source postfix
postconf | grep ^mail_version
wget http://vda.sourceforge.net/VDA/postfix-2.5.5-vda-ng.patch.gz
gunzip postfix-2.5.5-vda-ng.patch.gz
cd postfix-2.5.5
patch -p1 < ../postfix-2.5.5-vda-ng.patch
dpkg-buildpackage
cd ..
ls -1 *.deb
dpkg -i postfix_2.5.5-1.1_i386.deb
dpkg -i postfix-mysql_2.5.5-1.1_i386.deb
mkdir /var/www/html
mv /var/www/index.html /var/www/html/
cd /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
ln –s ../sites-available/default 000-default
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

cd /var/www
wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-6.x.tar.gz 
tar -xvzf drupal-6.x.tar.gz
mv drupal-6.x drupal
cd drupal
mkdir -p sites/all/modules
cd sites/all/modules
wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/mailfix-6.x-1.1.tar.gz
tar -xvzf mailfix-6.x-1.1.tar.gz
cd /var/www
chown -R www-data.www-data drupal

mysql -p
mysql> create database drupal;
mysql> grant all privileges on drupal.* to drupal @localhost identified by 'secret' with grant option;
mysql> quit

crontab -e
# Example Drupal site cron
49 * * * * /usr/bin/wget -O - -q http://www.casa.lan/cron.php &> /dev/null

cd /var/www/
mkdir -p drupal_files/
chown -R www-data.www-data drupal_files/

groupadd -g 500 vmail
useradd -g vmail -u 500 vmail -d /home/vmail -m

Criação dos arquivos abaixo sempre com o seguinte conteúdo antes:

user = drupal
password = secret
dbname = drupal
hosts = 127.0.0.1

/etc/postfix/drupal-domains.cf
query = SELECT domain_name AS domain FROM casa_mailfix_domains
WHERE domain_name = '%s'

/etc/postfix/drupal-mailboxes.cf
query = SELECT CONCAT(md.domain_name, '/', LEFT(u.mail, LOCATE('@', u.mail) - 1),'/') AS maildir
FROM casa_mailfix_domains md JOIN (casa_mailfix_users mu JOIN casa_users u
ON mu.uid = u.uid)
ON md.domain_id = mu.domain_id
WHERE u.status = 1 AND u.mail ='%s'

/etc/postfix/drupal-forward.cf
query = SELECT mu.forward
FROM casa_mailfix_users mu JOIN casa_users u
ON mu.uid = u.uid
WHERE u.mail = '%s' AND LENGTH(mu.forward) > 0

/etc/postfix/drupal-recipient-bcc.cf
query = SELECT mu.incoming_bcc
FROM casa_mailfix_users mu JOIN casa_users u
ON mu.uid = u.uid
WHERE u.status = 1 AND u.mail = '%s' AND LENGTH(mu.incoming_bcc) > 0

/etc/postfix/drupal-sender-bcc.cf
query = SELECT mu.outgoing_bcc
FROM casa_mailfix_users mu JOIN casa_users u
ON mu.uid = u.uid
WHERE u.status = 1 AND u.mail = '%s' AND LENGTH(mu.outgoing_bcc) > 0

/etc/postfix/drupal-quota.cf
query = SELECT mu.quota
FROM casa_mailfix_users mu JOIN casa_users u
ON mu.uid = u.uid
WHERE  u.mail = '%s'

este arquivo não tem o cabeçalho inicial:
/etc/pam.d/smtp
auth    required   pam_mysql.so user=drupal passwd=secret host=127.0.0.1 db=drupal table=casa_users usercolumn=mail passwdcolumn=pass crypt=0
account sufficient pam_mysql.so user=drupal passwd=secret host=127.0.0.1 db=drupal table=casa_users usercolumn=mail passwdcolumn=pass crypt=0

/etc/init.d/postfix restart
/etc/init.d/saslauthd restart

/etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf
pwcheck_method: saslauthd
mech_list: plain login
allow_plaintext: true
auxprop_plugin: mysql
sql_hostnames: 127.0.0.1
sql_user: drupal
sql_passwd: secret
sql_database: drupal
sql_select: SELECT pass FROM casa_users WHERE mail = '%u' AND status = 1

postconf -e 'relayhost ='
postconf -e 'relay_domains ='
postconf -e 'mynetworks = 192.168.0.0/24, 127.0.0.0/8'
postconf -e 'myhostname = master.casa.lan'
postconf -e 'mydomain = casa.lan'
postconf -e 'mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $mydomain'
postconf -e 'virtual_alias_domains ='
postconf -e 'virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-forward.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-domains.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-mailboxes.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail'
postconf -e 'virtual_uid_maps = static:500'
postconf -e 'virtual_gid_maps = static:500'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes'
postconf -e 'broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_unauth_destination'
postconf -e 'smtpd_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/master.casa.lan.pem'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/master.casa.lan.key'
postconf -e 'virtual_create_maildirsize = yes'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_extended = yes'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_limit_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-quota.cf'
postconf -e 'virtual_mailbox_limit_override = yes'
postconf -e 'virtual_maildir_limit_message = "The user you are trying to reach is over quota."'
postconf -e 'virtual_overquota_bounce = yes'
postconf -e 'recipient_bcc_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-recipient-bcc.cf'
postconf -e 'sender_bcc_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/drupal-sender-bcc.cf'
postconf -e 'proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps $recipient_bcc_maps $sender_bcc_maps'

postconf -e virtual_transport=dovecot
postconf -e dovecot_destination_recipient_limit=1
postconf -e 'content_filter = smtp-amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024'

/etc/postfix/master.cf
pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
-o content_filter=
-o receive_override_options=no_header_body_checks

dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -d ${recipient}
smtp-amavis     unix    -       -       -       -       2       smtp
-o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
-o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes
-o disable_dns_lookups=yes
-o max_use=20
127.0.0.1:10025 inet    n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
-o content_filter=
-o local_recipient_maps=
-o relay_recipient_maps=
-o smtpd_restriction_classes=
-o smtpd_delay_reject=no
-o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
-o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
-o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
-o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
-o smtpd_data_restrictions=reject_unauth_pipelining
-o smtpd_end_of_data_restrictions=
-o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
-o smtpd_error_sleep_time=0
-o smtpd_soft_error_limit=1001
-o smtpd_hard_error_limit=1000
-o smtpd_client_connection_count_limit=0
-o smtpd_client_connection_rate_limit=0
-o receive_override_options=no_header_body_checks,no_unknown_recipient_checks

/etc/init.d/postfix reload

/etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf
protocols = imap imaps pop3 pop3s
mail_location = maildir:/home/vmail/%d/%n/Maildir
auth default {
mechanisms = plain login
passdb sql {
args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
}
userdb static {
args = uid=500 gid=500 home=/home/vmail/%d/%n allow_all_users=yes
}
socket listen {
master {
path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
mode = 0600
user = vmail
}
client {
path = /var/spool/postfix/private/auth
mode = 0600
user = postfix
group = postfix
}
}
}
protocol lda {
log_path = /home/vmail/dovecot-deliver.log
global_script_path = /home/vmail/globalsieverc
postmaster_address = postmaster@casa.lan
auth_socket_path = /var/run/dovecot/auth-master
mail_plugins = cmusieve
}
ssl_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/master.casa.lan.pem
ssl_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/master.casa.lan.key
ssl_disable = no
disable_plaintext_auth = no

/etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf
driver = mysql
connect = host=127.0.0.1 dbname=drupal user=drupal password=secret
default_pass_scheme = PLAIN-MD5
password_query = SELECT mail AS user, pass AS password FROM casa_users WHERE mail='%u';

/etc/init.d/dovecot restart

sudo apt-get install amavisd-new spamassassin clamav-daemon
sudo apt-get install dkim-filter python-policyd-spf
sudo apt-get install pyzor razor
sudo apt-get install arj cabextract cpio lha nomarch pax rar unrar unzip zip zoo
sudo adduser clamav amavis
/etc/default/spamassassin
ENABLED=1
sudo /etc/init.d/spamassassin start

/etc/amavis/conf.d/15-content_filter_mode
use strict;
@bypass_virus_checks_maps = (
\%bypass_virus_checks, \@bypass_virus_checks_acl, \$bypass_virus_checks_re);
@bypass_spam_checks_maps = (
\%bypass_spam_checks, \@bypass_spam_checks_acl, \$bypass_spam_checks_re);
1;
/etc/amavis/conf.d/20-debian_defaults
final_spam_destiny = D_DISCARD;
/etc/amavis/conf.d/50-user
use strict;
$myhostname = 'master.casa.lan';
@local_domains_acl = ( "casa.lan" );
1
sudo /etc/init.d/amavis restart
whitelist no arquivo: /etc/amavis/conf.d/40-policy_banks
sudo /etc/init.d/postfix restart 
link para amavis: https://help.ubuntu.com/9.04/serverguide/C/mail-filtering.html 
]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Thu, 25 Jun 2009 01:52:25 +0000
OpenOffice daemon para drupal fileframework http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=252:openoffice-daemon-para-drupal-fileframework&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=252:openoffice-daemon-para-drupal-fileframework&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 exemplo de script:

#!/bin/bash
#
# description: Open Office Service
#
# copie este arquivo para /etc/init.d
# cp ~/soffice-daemon /etc/init.d/soffice-daemon
# torne-o executável
# chmod +x /etc/init.d/soffice-daemon
# altere a propriedade do arquivo para root
# chown -v root:root /etc/init.d/soffice-daemon
# disponilize-o criando links com:
# update-rc.d soffice-daemon defaults
# precisa instalar também o openoffice.org-java-common
# apt-get install openoffice.org-java-common


export WEBUSER=www-data
export PATH=$PATH
export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

start() {
echo -n "Starting OpenOffice service: "
su - $WEBUSER -c "/usr/lib/openoffice/program/soffice -headless -accept='socket,host=127.0.0.1,port=8100;urp' -nofirststartwizard &"
echo "OpenOffice Started"
}

#/opt/openoffice.org3/program/soffice
#/usr/lib/openoffice/program/soffice

#sudo -u $WEBUSER /usr/lib/openoffice/program/soffice -headless -accept="socket,host=127.0.0.1,port=8100;urp" -nofirststartwizard &
#su - $WEBUSER -c "/usr/lib/openoffice/program/soffice -headless -accept='socket,host=127.0.0.1,port=8100;urp' -nofirststartwizard &"


stop() {
echo -n "Stopping soffice: "
pkill soffice
echo "OpenOffice Stopped"
}

case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
status)
status soffice
;;
restart|reload|condrestart)
stop
start
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|reload|status}"
exit 1
esac

exit 0
]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Wed, 24 Jun 2009 21:00:58 +0000
Configurando ClamAV Daemon http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=251:configurando-clamav-daemon&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=251:configurando-clamav-daemon&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/etc/clamav.conf-rdsat

Precisa adaptar para ubuntu assim:

#Automatically Generated by clamav-base postinst
#To reconfigure clamd run #dpkg-reconfigure clamav-base
#Please read /usr/share/doc/clamav-base/README.Debian.gz for details


# TemporaryDirectory is not set to its default /tmp here to make overriding
# the default with environment variables TMPDIR/TMP/TEMP possible

LogFile /var/log/clamav/clamav.log
LogTime true
LogFileUnlock false
LogFileMaxSize 0
LogSyslog false
LogFacility LOG_LOCAL6
LogClean false
LogVerbose false

PidFile /var/run/clamav/clamd.pid

DatabaseDirectory /var/lib/clamav

LocalSocket /var/run/clamav/clamd.ctl
FixStaleSocket true

# TCP
TCPSocket 3310
TCPAddr 127.0.0.1

MaxConnectionQueueLength 15

#StreamSaveToDisk true
StreamMaxLength 10M
MaxThreads 12

#ThreadTimeout 500
MaxDirectoryRecursion 15
FollowDirectorySymlinks false
FollowFileSymlinks false

SelfCheck 3600
User clamav
AllowSupplementaryGroups true
Foreground false
Debug false

ScanPE true
ScanOLE2 true
ScanHTML true
ScanELF true

ScanMail true
ScanPartialMessages false

#ScanRAR true
ScanArchive true
ArchiveBlockEncrypted false
#ArchiveMaxFileSize 10M
#ArchiveMaxRecursion 5
#ArchiveMaxFiles 1000
#ArchiveMaxCompressionRatio 200
#ArchiveLimitMemoryUsage true
#ArchiveDetectEncrypted true

DetectBrokenExecutables false
MailFollowURLs false
ExitOnOOM false
LeaveTemporaryFiles false
AlgorithmicDetection true

IdleTimeout 30
PhishingSignatures true
PhishingScanURLs true
PhishingAlwaysBlockSSLMismatch false
PhishingAlwaysBlockCloak false
DetectPUA false

HeuristicScanPrecedence false
StructuredDataDetection false
CommandReadTimeout 5
SendBufTimeout 200
MaxQueue 100
ReadTimeout 180


# Enable Clamuko. Dazuko (/dev/dazuko) must be configured and running.
#ClamukoScanOnLine true
#ClamukoScanOnOpen true
#ClamukoScanOnClose true
#ClamukoScanOnExec true
#ClamukoIncludePath /home
#ClamukoIncludePath /var/spool
#ClamukoExcludePath /tmp
#ClamukoMaxFileSize 1M
#ClamukoScanArchive true

 

Para verificar se esta rodando:

ps ax | grep [c]lamd

Para reiniciar:

/etc/init.d/clamav-daemon restart
 

Repositório de pacotes do ubuntu para atulização e instalação do clamav.

Adicione os seguintes repositorios ao /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntu-clamav/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main 
deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntu-clamav/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 5ADC2037 
apt-get update
apt-get install clamav-daemon 
Para atualizar utilize:
freshclam
 
]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Wed, 24 Jun 2009 13:48:16 +0000
DNS com slave e master http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=250:dns-com-slave-e-master&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=250:dns-com-slave-e-master&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 link: http://www.howtoforge.com/debian_bind9_master_slave_system

preciso descobrir porque funcionou apenas sem a opção:

dnssec-enable yes;

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Tue, 23 Jun 2009 19:23:28 +0000
Instalar Drupal no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=249:instalar-drupal-no-ubuntu&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=249:instalar-drupal-no-ubuntu&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Drupal]]> aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Sat, 20 Jun 2009 02:31:56 +0000 ssh emulator http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=248:ssh-emulator&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=248:ssh-emulator&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://www.ubuntugeek.com/ssherminator-nice-split-screen-terminal-emulator-and-ssh-client.html]]> aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Sat, 20 Jun 2009 02:10:55 +0000 Passo a Passo - Trocar senha do root http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=247:passo-a-passo-trocar-senha-do-root&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=247:passo-a-passo-trocar-senha-do-root&catid=54:instalacao-do-sistema&Itemid=100  

Veja este artigo: http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/artigo/Como-recuperar-a-senha-de-root-usando-uma-live-distro/

Assim com um CD live e o comando :

chroot / vi /mnt/hda3/etc/shadow

vc altera a senha assim:

Mudando é claro se necessário o /mnt/hda3 para o local onde você montou o file system que terá a senha alterada.

Pressione "i" para entrar no modo de edição do editor vi e navegue até a linha onde estão as informações do usuário root, algo como:

root:$1$8JoCa9gd$yTSRGtrWo3tUIpZwEbNLg0:12739:0:99999:7:::

Apague tudo do primeiro ":" ao segundo, vai ficar assim:

root::12739:0:99999:7:::

ATENÇÃO: não apague os ":"!

Aperte "ESC" para sair do modo de edição do vi e em seguida ":wq!" para salvar e sair do arquivo.

Depois disso saia dessa distribuição e acesse a que estava sem senha.

Para se proteger utilize o LIDS:

http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/artigo/Seguraca-extrema-com-LIDS/

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Instalação do Sistema Tue, 16 Jun 2009 03:47:37 +0000
Grub com RAID1 em um sistema funcionando http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=246:grub-com-raid1-em-um-sistema-funcionando&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=246:grub-com-raid1-em-um-sistema-funcionando&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.howtoforge.com/software-raid1-grub-boot-debian-etch-p2

 Monte primeiro um RAID1 e verifique se esta operacional:

cat /proc/mdstat

Depois monte a partição:

mkdir /mnt/raid
mount /dev/md0 /mnt/raid

Copie os arquivos :

cp -dpRx / /mnt/raid 

Ajuste /mnt/raid/etc/fstab para ter como root o Raid = /dev/md0

/dev/md0 / ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro 0 1 

Ajuste /mnt/raid/etc/mtab para ter como root o Raid = /dev/md0

/dev/md0 / ext3 rw,errors=remount-ro 0 0

Ajuste o Grub /mnt/raid/boot/grub/menu.lst

[...]
default 0
fallback 1
[...]
# kopt=root=/dev/md0 ro
[...]
title Ubuntu RAID (hd1)
root (hd1,0)
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/md0 ro
initrd /initrd.img
title           Ubuntu RAID (hd2)
root (hd2,0)
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/md0 ro
initrd /initrd.img

title Ubuntu (disco 1 - emergency)
root (hd1,0)
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/sdb1 ro single
initrd /initrd.img

title Ubuntu (disco 2 - emergency)
root (hd2,0)
kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/sdc1 ro single
initrd /initrd.img

Instale o Grub no Raid:

grub
root (hd1,0)
setup (hd1)
root (hd2,0)
setup (hd2)
quit
Outro Link: http://www.gordontillman.info/computers/49-operating-systems/79-setting-up-raid1-on-my-ubuntu-machine 

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Tue, 16 Jun 2009 03:02:27 +0000
Configurando XMDCP http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=245:configurando-xmdcp&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=245:configurando-xmdcp&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Link: http://www.ibiblio.org/oswg/oswg-nightly/oswg/en_US.ISO_8859-1/articles/gdm-reference/gdm-reference/x135.html

sudo cp /etc/gdm/gdm.conf /etc/gdm/gdm.conf.bak

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Mon, 15 Jun 2009 15:03:07 +0000
Criando Linux Raid Manualmente http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=244:criando-linux-raid-manualmente&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=244:criando-linux-raid-manualmente&catid=56:administracao-arquivos-e-discos&Itemid=100 Link: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=408461

Se você já tem um Raid criado e precisa acessá-lo por um Live CD, precisa antes instalar o seguinte:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mdadm

Depois com o comandomdadm temos as seguintes opções:

# -A, --assemble Assemble a pre-existing array that was previously created with --create.
# -C, --create Create a new array. You only ever need to do this once, if you try to create arrays with partitions that are part of other arrays, mdadm will warn you.
# --stop Stop an assembled array. The array must be unmounted before this will work.
#--build This usage is similar to --create.  The difference is that  it  creates an array without a superblock. With these arrays there is no difference between initially creating the array and  subsequently  assembling  the array,  except  that hopefully there is useful data there in the second case.

Com a opção --create temos sub-opções:

mdadm --create md-device --chunk=X --level=Y --raid-devices=Z devices

    * -c, --chunk= Specify chunk size of kibibytes. The default is 64.
    * -l, --level= Set raid level, options are: linear, raid0, 0, stripe, raid1, 1, mirror, raid4, 4, raid5, 5, raid6, 6, multipath, mp, fautly.
    * -n, --raid-devices= Specify the number of active devices in the array.

Diferenças entre RAIDs no link: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID

Por exemplo:

sudo mdadm --build /dev/md0 --assume-clean --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
sudo mdadm --create /dev/md0 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
sudo mdadm --assemble /dev/md0 /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdc1
sudo mdadm --assemble --scan
sudo mdadm --stop /dev/md0

Fazer uma partição no Raid é:
mkfs.ext3 /dev/md0

Configurações adicionais sobre a checagem desta partição em:
This filesystem will be automatically checked every 31 mounts or 180 days, whichever comes first.  Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.

Fazer uma partição Swap é:
mkswap /dev/sdb2

A configuração pode ser vista em:
/etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf

Para verificar a utlização do swap digite:
swapon -s

Um exemplor de como tornar o swap disponivel nos drives, por exemplo, em fstab:
# /dev/sda5
UUID=551aaf44-5a69-496c-8d1b-28a228489404 pri=1            swap    sw              0       0
# /dev/sdb5
UUID=807ff017-a9e7-4d25-9ad7-41fdba374820 pri=1            swap    sw              0       0

Veja que ambos estão com pri=1.

 O comando abaixo ajuda a listar as partições por uuid:

ls /dev/disk/by-uuid -alh
 

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Administração Arquivos e Discos Mon, 15 Jun 2009 01:59:20 +0000
Acessando xnest e abrindo outra sessão http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=243:acessando-xnest-e-abrindo-outra-sessao&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=243:acessando-xnest-e-abrindo-outra-sessao&catid=73:ferramentas-de-escritorio&Itemid=100 Instalando xnest

sudo apt-get install xnest

acessando outra sessão

gdmflexiserver

 

Link: http://jonasbjork.blogspot.com/2008/02/i-wanted-to-take-some-screenshots-from.html

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Escritório Mon, 15 Jun 2009 00:51:20 +0000
Menu Debian no Ubuntu http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=242:menu-debian-no-ubuntu&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=242:menu-debian-no-ubuntu&catid=72:ferramentas-de-sistema&Itemid=100 Utilize os comandos abaixo para ter um menu debian no ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install menu menu-xdg
sudo update-menus

E depois reboot o sistema.

se não funcionar vá em sistema>>preferências>>Menu Principal e marque a opção DEBIAN para aparecer.

 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Ferramentas de Sistema Fri, 12 Jun 2009 05:15:30 +0000
Links para Dynamic DNS Service http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=241:links-para-dynamic-dns-service&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 http://corp.eng.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=241:links-para-dynamic-dns-service&catid=77:configuracao-de-rede-com-e-sem-fios&Itemid=100 Lista com provedores de DDNS:

http://www.dmoz.org/Computers/Internet/Protocols/DNS/DNS_Providers/Dynamic_DNS/

Link para montar um servidor de DDNS:

http://gnudip2.sourceforge.net/gnudip-www/

 Artigo de como configurar BIND com seu próprio domínio utilizando sudomínios de provedores DDNS gratuitos:

http://gnudip2.sourceforge.net/gnudip-www/latest/gnudip/html/owndomain.html

 

Having Your Own Domain Name with a Dynamic IP Address


We describe here a method of using a domain name of your own, obtained from a domain name registrar, for a machine with a dynamic IP address. It involves setting up BIND on the machine.

Note that versions of BIND for Mac and Windows 9x are available too (see http://www.dns.net/dnsrd/servers/ and ftp://ftp.is.co.za/networking/ip/dns/bind/nt/ ).


The user should obtain one or more domain names from dynamic DNS service. These dynamic IP domain names are then given to the user's domain name registar as the names of the name servers for the user's domain.

Most registrars require at least two name servers to be provided.

There is a reliability advantage to using two or more different dynamic domain services. If one is down, the other will still be able to provide a name server address.

Do not use "wildcard" domain names for this. These are typically implemented using CNAME records. Some resolvers (for example BIND) will refuse to use a name server if a CNAME record is encountered while resolving its address.

On the user's machine BIND only needs to serve external requests (the user is under no obligation to use their own BIND installation to serve their DNS needs). So it only needs one zone.

To avoid the need to modify the BIND configuration when the IP address changes, that one zone can just use MX and CNAME records to one of the dynamic IP domain names that were used for the name servers. The zone could contain something like:

$TTL 1D
you.ca. SOA you.ca. root.you.ca. (
20020101 ;serial
3600 ;refresh
1800 ;retry
604800 ;expiration
0 ;TTL for NACK
)
you.ca. NS you.dyndnservice1.ca.
you.ca. NS you.dyndnservice2.ca.
you.ca. MX 0 you.dyndnsservice1.ca.
www.you.ca. CNAME you.dyndnsservice1.ca.

Note that CNAME records have some limitations and possibly unexpected effects. For example:

 

  • It is not possible to have a CNAME and an SOA record for the same name. So the zone for site.com cannot have a CNAME record for site.com.

     

  • It is not possible to have a CNAME and an MX record for the same name.

     

  • If mail is sent to a host name defined in a CNAME record, a standards compliant MTA will re-address the mail to the canonical host name, so that the receiving MTA must accept mail addressed to the canonical/GnuDIP host name.

It would be better to set up a structure that modifies the BIND configuration when the IP address changes. The details of doing this would very greatly depending on your circumstances. For an example of how this might be done for Slackware Linux serving as an Internet gateway, obtaining its dynamic IP address using DHCP, see ownexample.html.


One difficulty that may be encountered is that domain name registrars typically require you to enter not just the name server names for a domain, but also IP addresses corresponding to these names.

However, the DNS root servers will only use these IP addresses if "glue" records are needed.

This is discussed in RFC 1033 ("Domain Administrators Operations Guide"). We quote:

"You may only put data in your domain server that you are authoritative for. You must not add entries for domains other than your own (except for the special case of "glue records")".
and
"If the name server host for a particular domain is itself inside the domain, then a 'glue' record will be needed. A glue record is an A (address) RR that specifies the address of the server. Glue records are only needed in the server delegating the domain, not in the domain itself."

The root and top level domain servers use BIND. BIND enforces this RFC standard, as can be verified by setting up a test configuration of BIND. In particular:

  • It refuses to load "out of zone" RR-s, writing a message to sylog for each such record. So for example, if BIND finds an A RR with a left-side ending in ".org." in a zone file for the ".com" domain, it will not load it.
  • It will silently ignore any remaining unnecessary glue records, and will instead do a DNS look up for the name server name.

Since the domain names used here as name server names are not within the domain the name servers serve, there is no need for glue records, and any addresses your registrar forces you to enter will not be used.


It should be noted that some registrars' web interfaces perform unnecessary and ignorant validation tests on the name server information as it is entered.

The user should be able to get around these by temporarily setting the IP addresses for their dynamic IP accounts to appropriate (distinct) values. Once the name server information has been accepted by the domain name registrar's web interface, the IP addresses may be reset correctly.


 

]]>
aarvati@corp.eng.br (Ademar Arvati Filho) Configuração de Rede com e sem Fios Fri, 12 Jun 2009 03:55:15 +0000